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人造石假山的設計和施工,你了解嗎?

近年來,人們開始關注環境問題,提倡建設生態住宅、生態街區、生態城市。如今,住宅小區也興建了各種瀑布、石山、岩洞等,像主景石,有鏡石、分流石等,都能起到畫龍點睛的作用,很多實例證明,人造石無論是從設計、價格、運輸、施工方麵都很經濟實用,如果要把人造石假山做得美侖美奐,那人造石假山設計與施工是關鍵的。
In recent years, people began to pay attention to environmental issues, advocating the construction of ecological housing, ecological blocks, ecological cities. Nowadays, many kinds of waterfalls, Rocky Mountains and caves have been built in residential districts, such as main landscapes, mirror stones and distributary stones. Many examples show that man-made stones are economical and practical in design, price, transportation and construction. If man-made rocky rockery is to be magnificent, The design and construction of artificial rockery is the most important.
1、人造石假山岩板
1, artificial rockery rockery plate
市麵上的人造石假山看起來巨大而堅實,但其實卻是外實內空。在假山岩板塑造過程中,施工人員按設計師所假想的立體造型,人造石假山是由一塊塊預製的岩板組合而成的。這樣岩板就像是蛋殼一樣,岩板表麵無論是紋理、質感、觸感都同真的山石相同,是由GRC及其它綜合材料製成的。
The man-made rockery on the market looks huge and solid, but it is actually outside the solid interior. In the process of shaping rockery slab, the builders assume that the three-dimensional shape of the designer, artificial rockery is composed of a prefabricated rock slab combination. In this way, the slab is like an eggshell. The texture, texture and touch of the surface of the slab are the same as the real rock. It is made of GRC and other composite materials.
2、施工流程
2. Construction process
施工流程:翻模—預鑄—組合—表麵處理:前麵兩項是人造石假山製作岩板的過程,而後麵兩項是組合成假山的過程,由景點現場製作完成。
Construction process: turning mold - Precast - combination - surface treatment: the first two are the process of making rock plate artificial rockery, and the latter two are the process of combining rockery, completed by the site production of scenic spots.
2.1翻模
2.1 flip mode
設計師們按照設計構想,選擇符合要求的真山石,或者是用石膏等輕質材料來進行藝術加工。翻模的時候,秋葵视频官网二维码下载要對雛型進行清理,然後塗上脫離油,然後用製模橡膠一遍遍塗上,待固化後取下,便製成了每塊0、8~1m 的橡膠岩陰模。
Designers in accordance with the design concept, choose to meet the requirements of the real mountain stone, or with plaster and other light materials for artistic processing. When turning the mold, we should clean up the prototype, then coat it with oil, and then apply it again and again with the mold rubber. When it is taken off after curing, it is made into 0, 8 ~ 1m rubber rock negative mold.
2.2 預鑄
2.2 pre casting
接著在岩板模的正麵塗上脫離油,然後將GRC材料加石質顆粒噴在岩板模上,然後,再用GRC和纖維絲混合材料噴塗(期間放好預埋鋼筋掛鉤),均厚20mm。約一天後脫模,脫模後的岩板放在室外(5 30% )溫水養護2~3天,堅硬的岩板就這樣製成了。
Then spray the GRC material and stone particles on the front of the slab mold, and then spray the GRC and fiber mixture (during which the pre-embedded steel bar hooks are placed) with a thickness of 20 mm. About a day later, the rock plate after demoulding is kept in the outdoor (5.30%) warm water for 2-3 days, and the hard rock plate is thus made.
濟南假山製作
2.3 組合
2.3 combinations
根據藝術設計人員的現場指導及設計圖紙,每塊岩板按其不同大小、紋理、質感和凹凸形狀在角鐵的支撐下進行合理組合,形成假山軀體。這裏,就一片岩板安裝在豎牆、平頂為實例介紹如下:
According to the on-site guidance and design drawings of artists and designers, each rock plate is reasonably combined with different sizes, textures, textures and concave-convex shapes supported by angle iron to form a rockery body. Here, a rock slab installed on the vertical wall and flat top is introduced as an example.
首先在牆體上排出“#”字形角鐵骨架,其次將角鐵同岩板反麵的預埋鋼筋掛鉤並與“#”字形角鐵骨架焊接,進行成批岩板大麵積安裝,使之形成了互為聯係的山體胚。後進行外接,也就是將岩板與岩板之間的漏空、高低、紋理不順之處進行手工補接。先用鋼筋與支架角鐵或岩板掛鉤焊接,再用鋁網或不鏽鋼網綁紮在鋼筋網上,後再用手工將GRC混合材料塗上,塑造出整體統一的自然石紋。
Firstly, the zigzag angle iron skeleton is discharged from the wall. Secondly, the angle iron is hooked with the embedded reinforcing bar on the reverse side of the rock plate and welded with the zigzag angle iron skeleton. The large-scale installation of the rock plate in batches is carried out to form the interrelated mountain embryo. Finally, the external connection, that is, the leak between the rock plate and the rock plate, high and low, texture is not smooth place for manual repair. Firstly, the steel bar is hooked to the angle iron or rock plate of the support, then the aluminum mesh or stainless steel mesh is tied to the steel bar mesh. Finally, the GRC mixture is painted by hand to create a unified natural stone pattern.
2.4 表麵處理
2.4 surface treatment
人造假山大麵製成後,還要根據整體效果進行調整,其局部、細部可用無機顏料加膠水進行表麵做色。裂紋處、凹陷處色彩重些,有時還可加些清苔、水跡等,以此增強其實景感,後,用無色保護材料或無色防水材料噴麵。
After the artificial artificial rockery surface is made, it must be adjusted according to the overall effect. Inorganic pigments and glue can be used to color the local and detailed parts of the artificial rockery surface. Cracks and depressions are heavier in color, and sometimes some moss and water can be added to enhance the scene. Finally, colorless protective materials or colorless waterproof materials are used to spray the surface.
以上就是關於人造石假山的設計和施工的介紹,想要了解更多可以關注秋葵视频官网二维码下载的網站:http://www.lounge-f.com,在網站中有更多精彩內容的介紹!
Above is about the design and construction of artificial rockery rockery, want to know more can pay attention to our website:http://www.lounge-f.com, there are more wonderful content in the website!
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