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濟南假山製作淺析假山魚池的製作知識要點

假山魚池是園林組景不可缺少的手段之一,甚至有的在園林組景中成為組景的中心,既起點綴作用,也能增添園林生氣。
Rockery fish pond is one of the indispensable means of gardens, and some even become the center of gardens. It not only plays an ornamental role, but also adds vitality to gardens.
假山工程網,專注假山知識的共享,並提供假山設計、施工等一條龍服務。假山工程網有的設計和施工隊伍,有十年的假山設計施工經驗,在假山工程領域贏得良好的信譽。
Rockery engineering network, focus on sharing knowledge of rockery, and provide one-stop services such as rockery design, construction and so on. The rockery engineering network has a professional design and construction team, with 10 years of rockery design and construction experience, in the field of rockery engineering to win a good reputation.
庭院景觀中的假山魚池隨地形、位置、環境的不同,是多種多樣的。有單個的魚池,也有組合的魚池,可以是大麵積的魚池,也可以是狹長形的魚池,有的將魚池與休息座椅結合起來,也有的把魚池與欄杆踏步等組合在一起,以便爭取更多的綠化麵積創造舒適的環境。在東方特別是在我國傳統園林中,多以自然山水布局為主得真石假山、塑石假山講究詩情畫意。
The rockery fish pond in the courtyard landscape is varied with different terrain, locations and environment. There are individual fish ponds, but also a combination of fish ponds, can be a large area of fish ponds, can also be a narrow and long fish ponds, some fish ponds and rest seats combined, some fish ponds and railings step together, in order to strive for more green areas to create a comfortable environment. In the East, especially in our traditional gardens, the natural landscape is the main layout of rockery, stone-sculptured rockery is poetic and picturesque.
庭院景觀假山魚池製作流程大體可以分為六步,分別是根據風水設計(確定方位)、選擇假山石材、假造假山魚池、假山粘接方法、安裝淨水係統和循環係統、假山植物種植。隻要按照此方法操作,建一座屬於自己的庭院景觀假山魚池指日可待。
The production process of the rockery fish pond in the courtyard landscape can be roughly divided into six steps, which are the selection of rockery materials, the selection of rockery stone materials, the bonding method of rockery, the installation of water purification system and circulation system, and the planting of rockery plants. As long as we operate according to this method, it is just around the corner to build our own courtyard landscape rockery fish pond.
一、根據風水設計
According to Fengshui design
庭院景觀假山魚池應該根據風水知識設計,確定假山的擺放位置,庭院景觀假山佳擺放方位是:西方位、西北方位、北方位、東北方位、西北方位。
According to the knowledge of geomantic omen, the locations of the rockery should be determined. The best locations of the rockery is west, northwest, north, northeast and northwest.
二、選擇假山石材
Two, choose rockery stone
庭院景觀假山魚池常用假山石材有:太湖石、黃蠟石、千層石、龜紋石、英德石、吸水石等,可以根據所在地選擇當地盛產的假山石材,如廣東地區一般會選擇黃蠟石、英德石,浙江、江蘇、安徽地區多會選擇千層石、太湖石、龜紋石等。
Landscape rockery rockery fish pond commonly used rockery: Taihu stone, yellow wax stone, millennial stone, turtle grain stone, Yingde stone, absorbent stone, etc., can be selected according to the locations of the rockery rich in the local, such as Guangdong area will generally choose yellow wax stone, Yingde stone, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Anhui area will choose more millennial stone, Taihu stone. And moire stone.
三、建造假山魚池
Three. Build a rockery fish pond.
1、按施工圖紙放線開挖:控製好魚池的型狀,要比做的魚池實際要大,預留回填土的空間。
1. Digging according to the construction drawing: Controlling the shape of the fish pond is bigger than the fish pond, and reserving the space of backfill.
2、底部紮鋼筋:在紮鋼筋的同時把魚池底管一起布置。
2, the bottom bar reinforcement: in the reinforcement bar at the same time, the fish pool bottom pipe layout.
3、底部布管道:
3. Bottom cloth Piping:
4、倒混泥土:鋼筋紮好後倒底部混泥土。
4, inverted concrete: after the reinforcement is reinforced, pour the bottom concrete.
5、砌圍邊:用紅磚把魚池周圍砌一圈,把魚池的形狀圍出來。
5, build the edge: build a circle around the fish pond with red brick, and enclose the shape of the fish pond.
6、紮圍邊鋼筋同時布麵水管出水管:沿著魚池的邊,把邊上的鋼筋一起紮起來,在紮邊上的鋼筋時,把出水管、排水管一起布置。
濟南假山製作
6. Put the steel bars around the edge and distribute the outlet pipe of the water pipe at the same time: Put the steel bars together along the edge of the fish pond, and arrange the outlet pipe and the drain pipe together when the steel bars on the edge are tied.
7、建模:鋼筋紮完以後,采用木板沿著池壁建模。
7. Modeling: after the steel bar is finished, the wood panel is modeled along the pool wall.
8、澆注池壁:建模完成以後,往裏麵澆灌混泥土。
8. Casting pool wall: after modeling, pour concrete into it.
9、倒出池胚,磨平池壁
9, pour out the pool embryo and smooth the wall.
四、假山製作方法
Four. Method of making rockery
假山工程網,專注假山知識的共享,並提供假山設計、施工等一條龍服務。假山工程網有的設計和施工隊伍,有十年的假山設計施工經驗,在假山工程領域贏得良好的信譽。
Rockery engineering network, focus on sharing knowledge of rockery, and provide one-stop services such as rockery design, construction and so on. The rockery engineering network has a professional design and construction team, with 10 years of rockery design and construction experience, in the field of rockery engineering to win a good reputation.
根據事先製作的假山模型,經過構思選用適當的樹、石、山、草等素材,進行排列組合來完成這一立意。假山製作的基本操作流程,其實就是粘接。
According to the pre-made rockery model, after the idea of selecting the appropriate tree, stone, mountain, grass and other materials, arranged and combined to complete this idea. The basic operation process of rockery is actually bonding.
粘接山石的膠合劑有水泥(灰、白兩種)、環氧樹脂、307號-1不飽和聚脂樹脂。從廉價、使用方便考慮,假山工程膠接多采用水泥,水泥的標號越高越好。
There are cement (ash and white), epoxy resin and 307-1 unsaturated polyester resin to bond mountain stone. From the perspective of cheap and convenient use, the cement used in rockery engineering is mostly cement, and the higher the grade of cement is, the better.
1、先要調好水泥漿,注意漿要隨用隨調,還要注意漿的稀稠度。為增加凝固時間,可在水泥中適量加入堵漏材料;對於石體上需附著造型石體,可用雲石膠固定,在膠體幹後用水泥漿覆蓋膠體,以協調整體色調。
1, first of all, we must adjust the cement slurry, pay attention to the slurry should be used along with the adjustment, but also pay attention to the slurry consistency. In order to increase solidification time, appropriate amount of plugging material can be added to cement; for the stone body which needs to be attached to the model stone body, it can be fixed with marble glue, and after the gel dries, it can be covered with cement slurry to coordinate the overall tone.
2、石材加工,把需要膠接的石頭用錘、鑿、鋸等工具加工出紋理和比較奇特的形狀來。為保證於上下石體相互支撐,對接觸部位還需進行切割加工。
2. Stone processing, the need to bond the stone with hammer, chisel, saw and other tools to process texture and relatively strange shape. In order to ensure mutual support between the upper and lower stones, the contact parts need to be machined.
3、粘合山體,在需要粘合的山石麵用塗上水泥漿使山石吻合為一體,粘合時要注意,對於比較大、重、粘不穩的石材,不要用小木棍支撐好(如下圖),再粘接,待水泥漿完全幹好以後,再把木棍撤去。盡量使山石粘合處看不出斷裂的痕跡,還要注意把粘合處多餘的漿清除幹淨。
3. Adhesion of the mountain, in the need to bond the mountain and stone surface with cement slurry to make the mountain and stone into one, bonding should pay attention to, for relatively large, heavy, sticky unstable stone, do not use a small stick to support good (as shown below), and then bond, until the cement slurry completely dry, then remove the stick. As far as possible so that the mountain stone bond can not see the marks of breakage, but also pay attention to the bonding of excess pulp clean.
為了接近天然,膠結泥未幹時可在接縫處塗撒本石料的石屑。膠合後,先用其它的支撐物給予輔助。化膠在24小時可凝固硬結,水泥夏季半天、冬季1-2天後可搬動。水泥膠合後的3-4小時,可用小刀鋸條輕輕刮掉多餘或汙染石身的水泥,並在接縫處拉出與石料同樣的紋理來。
In order to get close to nature, when the cemented mud is not dry, stone chips of stone bearing material can be applied to the joints. After gluing, other supports are used to assist. Gelatine can be hardened in 24 hours, and cement can be moved in half a day and 1-2 days in winter. Three to four hours after cementing, the excess or contaminated cement can be gently scraped off with a knife saw blade and the same texture as the stone can be pulled out at the joint.
五、安裝淨水係統和循環係統
Five. Install water purification system and circulation system.
噴水池、小瀑布的回水方式大都采用自循環式。即采用一個水泵,從池內吸水,並將水供至瀑布的源頭處,瀑布水再回落至水池內,周而複始地循環。如果池內水變少時,可打開補水閥門,將新鮮自來水加入池內。
The backwater of fountain and cascade is mostly self circulation. That is to say, a pump is used to absorb water from the pool, and the water is supplied to the source of the waterfall, and then the water falls back to the pool, circulating again and again. If there is less water in the pool, the valve can be opened and the fresh tap water will be added into the tank.
六、假山植物種植
Six. Rockery plant cultivation
庭院景觀假山上浮土一般較少,適合種植較耐幹旱的植物,鬆竹比較適合,側麵石頭縫隙可以種一些耐貧瘠土質有根狀莖或肉質根的花卉,推薦吊蘭(觀葉)、百合(花)。
Landscape rockery generally less floating soil, suitable for planting more drought-tolerant plants, pine bamboo more suitable, side stone crevices can be planted in some barren soil with rhizomes or fleshy roots of flowers, recommended Celosia glauca (ornamental leaves), lilies (flowers).
溪流一旁適宜種植一些闊葉觀葉花卉,龜背竹、春芋之類的就可以,如果有靜水,菖蒲、睡蓮是少不了的,瀑布下麵可以種植蕨類等喜陰植物,整體布置完畢以後可以很少的點綴一些色彩豔麗或清雅的花卉,(不宜太多)這就根據個人愛好選擇了。
Stream side suitable for planting some broadleaf ornamental flowers, turtle back bamboo, spring taro and so on, if there is still water, calamus, water lily is indispensable, under the waterfall can be planted ferns and other shade-loving plants, after the overall layout can be less ornamented with some colorful or elegant flowers, (not too much) Choose according to your hobbies.
在我國現代園林建築實踐中,魚池的處理手法,在吸取我國古典手法和西洋手法的基礎上有較大的創造和發展。例如結合平麵布置,利用對景位置設置平台;或在屋頂辟半方小孔,透進陽光雨露,種植花木。有時也把魚池與主要觀賞點結合起來,將花木山石構成一個大盆景。有的節結合豎向構圖,把魚池作成與各種隔斷、格架或牆麵結合的高低錯落的花鬥。這種由南方傳統園林壁上花插脫胎出來的壁麵花鬥形式,在現代南方園林建築小品中大量采用,使假山魚池得以有機地和建築裝修結合起來。在構圖上形成富有趣味性的景點。本文內容是由濟南假山製作廠家提供,想要了解更多內容可以關注秋葵视频官网app的網站:http://www.lounge-f.com,在網站中有更多精彩內容的將誒撒謊哦,希望能為你提供幫助!
In the practice of modern garden architecture in our country, the handling method of fish pond has great creation and development on the basis of absorbing Chinese classical and Western techniques. For example, in combination with the layout, the use of the locations of the scenery to set up a platform; or in the roof to cut a half-square hole, through the sun and rain, planting flowers and trees. Sometimes the fish pond is combined with the main ornamental points to form a large bonsai. Some sections, combined with vertical composition, make the fish pond into a high-low staggered bucket with various partitions, grilles or walls. This form of wall flower bucket, which is derived from flower arrangement on the wall of traditional southern gardens, is widely used in modern southern garden architecture sketches, so that the rockery fish pond can be organically combined with architectural decoration. Form interesting scenic spots on the composition. This article is provided by Jinan rockery manufacturer. If you want to know more, you can pay close attention to our website: http://www.lounge-f.com, where there are more wonderful content will lie oh, hope to help you!
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