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庭院花園景觀建設,你了解嗎?

庭院花園的風格以及園所表達的精氣神,主要的還是取決於業主對美的認知。庭院花園的格調與原主人的氣質和修養是相通暗合的。 庭院有多種不同的風格,一部分取決於它的建築風格,另一部分是根據業主的喜好確定其基本的樣式。中國人的院子還是中式花園庭院漂亮。 融自然風景和中國的傳統元素於庭院之中,給人清雅幽靜之感。
The style of the garden and the spirit of the garden are mainly determined by the owner's perception of beauty. The style of courtyard garden is consistent with the original master's temperament and accomplishment. The courtyard has many different styles, depending partly on its architectural style, and partly on the owner's preferences to determine its basic style. Chinese courtyards are the most beautiful gardens in Chinese gardens. Blend the natural scenery and traditional Chinese elements in the courtyard, giving people a sense of elegance and seclusion.
一、院中植物的選擇
1. Selection of plants in hospital
庭院花園中影響植物健康生長的因素無非排水、光照、通風、土質。其中光照充足與否是決定可栽培哪些苗木的重要條件。一般來說,照條件 好、朝南的地方適宜苗木的生長。設計一個院子之前,要弄清別墅庭院的地理條件,方位,土壤,氣候等。在此基礎上選擇適宜這些環境的植物種類。
濟南假山製作
The factors that affect the healthy growth of plants in garden gardens are drainage, illumination, ventilation and soil quality. Whether sufficient light is enough is an important condition for deciding which seedlings to plant. Generally speaking, it is suitable for the growth of seedlings if the condition is good and the south facing. Before designing a yard, we should know the geographical conditions, orientation, soil and climate of the villa courtyard. On this basis, plant species suitable for these environments are selected.
庭院花園中植物的色彩設計一個技巧是根據建築色彩與周圍環境確定庭院的主色調。其中觀葉植物所占的比例高。花園中的植物綠色所占比例高,其他另栽具有橙色、紅色及紫色葉的彩葉植物,可形成強烈的對比,增加色調的明快感。此外還可考慮還有葉形的變化、質感的差異等。
One of the techniques used in the color design of plants in a garden is to determine the main color of the garden according to the architectural color and the surrounding environment. Foliage plants accounted for the highest proportion. The highest proportion of green plants in the garden, other plants with orange, red and purple leaves planted with colored plants, can form a strong contrast, increase the brightness of the tone. In addition, leaf shape changes and texture differences can also be considered.
2、家庭成員的需要
2, the needs of family members
臨沂庭院花園的主要的功能性,便是滿足家庭成員不同的需求性。要根據園主人的生活方式、生活作息來設計一個院子;有孩子家庭的花園庭院則應有一塊草坪,供兒童嬉戲。並可做一個小型的沙坑。對於工作比較繁忙的業主,就要設計一些好養護的苗木,不需要耗費園主人的個人經曆。而對於喜歡擺弄花花草草的主人,就可以豐富一下院中的植物種類。總之,庭院花園景觀樣式及所栽培植物種類應根據家庭人員組成與年齡結構有所選擇。
The most important function of courtyard gardens in Linyi is to satisfy the different needs of family members. A yard should be designed according to the life style and routine of the owner of the garden, while a garden yard with children should have a lawn for children to play in. And can make a small bunker. For busy owners, it is necessary to design some well-maintained seedlings, without the personal experience of the owners of the park. And for those who like to fiddle with flowers and plants, they can enrich plant species in the lower courtyard. In a word, the landscape style and plant species of garden should be selected according to the composition and age structure of family members.
3、庭院麵積大小的影響
3, the impact of the courtyard area size
麵積較大的宅院可以加入到設計感就越多搭配方式也可複雜一些,但必須要有一致性,避免相互衝突。而狹小的宅院花園可用麵積有限,因此須有周密的配置計劃,所栽植的植物種類應少一些。 而庭院不論大小,道路的鋪裝是必不可少的,一般的庭院小徑可用天然石材或者各色地磚、黑白相間的鵝卵石鋪就。 庭院的布局非常關鍵。崇尚簡潔的可以在庭院中種些花草,或者是做成一個綠色植物的苗圃。而如果希望取得更加理想的景觀效果,許多人會請的設計師來設計和製作花園庭院,作出獨具特色的庭院花園景觀設計風格。如用曲折小道配合高大樹木讓人產生“庭院深深”的感覺;而用曲形拱門、雕花欄杆、立柱渦卷配合精心修剪的矮叢植物,則活脫脫一個歐陸風情的再現。
Large residential areas can be added to the sense of design more collocations can also be a little more complex, but there must be consistency, to avoid conflicting. However, the available area of the narrow garden is limited, so there must be a well-planned configuration, planting less plant species. And no matter the size of the courtyard, the pavement of the road is indispensable, the general courtyard path can be paved with natural stone or colorful floor tiles, black and white pebbles. The layout of the courtyard is very critical. Simple brevity can grow flowers in the courtyard, or make a green plant nursery. And if you want to achieve better landscape effect, many people will ask professional designers to design and produce garden courtyard, make a unique garden landscape design style. If you use winding paths with tall trees to create a "deep courtyard" feeling; and with curved arches, carved railings, column scrolls with carefully pruned Bush plants, will be free from a European style of reproduction.
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