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人工假山製作設計中植物的布置

借花木小到山腳下一塊蒼苔,大至山巔一棵蒼天古鬆,山石要靠花木來映襯,花木也要山石來勾連。正如王維在《山水訣》中所言:“山籍樹而為衣,樹籍山而為骨”。假山設計不可缺少花木之“衣”,否則就會枯槁、禿露;花木亦不能離開湖石之 “骨”,否則就徒有其表,缺少骨骼、經脈。

Borrowing flowers and trees small to the foot of a moss, large to the top of a paleopine, mountains and rocks to rely on flowers and trees to set off, flowers and trees to link up with rocks. As Wang Wei said in the book of mountains and waters, "the mountains are made of trees, and the trees are the bones of the mountains." Rockery design indispensable flowers and trees "clothes", otherwise it will wither, bare; flowers and trees can not leave the Lake stone "bone", otherwise it has its surface, lack of bones, meridians.

(1)氣韻相通意境合園林植物所具有的“意境美”特點,使之常常與太湖石石景相配搭,又以歲寒三友為常見。梅寒而秀,竹清而瘦,鬆貞而壽,石文而醜,它們氣韻相通且意境相合,共同作用以烘托假山設計的主題氣氛。梅的骨骼清瘦、獨傲冰霜,使文人士大夫心生“高士之態”,這與太湖石的審美意趣相暗合。

(1) The artistic conception which has the same breath and rhyme and the "artistic conception beauty" characteristic of garden plants often matches with the stone scenery of Taihu Lake, and the most common one is the three friends of old age and cold. Mei Han and Xiu, bamboo clear and thin, loose and chaste and longevity, stone and ugly, they have the same charm and artistic conception, work together to foil the theme atmosphere of rockery design. Mei's thin skeleton, proud of the frost, so that the scholar-bureaucrats in mind "the state of a high scholar", which is in harmony with the aesthetic taste of Taihu stone.

濟南假山製作

蘇州獅子林西山旁便有暗香疏影樓,以附近數珠梅樹結合湖石點景,疏影橫斜,暗香浮動;竹也常常被比擬於君子,太湖石與竹兩者相依,體現了“竹君子,石大人”的文化主題。畫竹名家鄭板橋甚至寫道: “竹枝石塊兩相宜,群卉群芳盡棄之。”

In the west of Lion Forest in Suzhou, there are dark incense shadows and shadows buildings, with a few pearl and plum trees near the lake and rocks, sparse shadows, dark incense floating; bamboo is often compared to a gentleman, Taihu stone and bamboo are dependent on each other, reflecting the cultural theme of "bamboo gentleman, stone adults". Zheng Banqiao, a famous bamboo painter, even wrote: "bamboo sticks and stones are two suitable, and the group of flowers is deserted."

無論是山後成林的修竹,帶來的清韻悠然,還是矮幹密葉的箬竹,渲染的山林野趣。竹當仁不讓地成為了假山設計的植物配置中,喜聞樂見的審美對象;至於迎寒的鬆,往往被比擬為君子,寄寓長青之意,與太湖石假山的配搭為常見。

Whether it is the bamboo cultivation after the mountains, bring a leisurely charm, or the low dry dense leaves of the bamboo, rendering the mountain forest wildlife. Bamboo has become the most popular aesthetic object in the plant configuration of rockery design; as for the winter pine, it is often compared to a gentleman, implying the meaning of evergreen, and Taihu rockery is the most common.

(2)調和色彩摹畫意太湖石疊山方麵,花木的配置以喬木為主,蒼鬆、古柏重點突出,用深沉之色配搭湖石色彩,使山石在整體上有統一的色調。另外,山坳處植南天竹或以書帶草,山前栽蠟梅,叢桂,山陰輔以修竹。雖然不同的園子風格各殊,植物與太湖石假山的配置大體是符合畫理的,從幽雅清淡上著眼。終交枝成圖,相映成趣,皆古畫之粉本。

(2) Harmonic color portrayal of Taihu Lake stone overlay, the arrangement of flowers and trees to tree-based, Cangsong, Gubai key prominent, with deep color matching Lake stone color, so that the overall mountain stone has a unified tone. In addition, Tianzhu is planted in the mountain area, or it is cultivated with books and grass. Although different gardens have different styles, the arrangement of plants and rockery in Taihu Lake is generally in line with the painting principle, from the elegant and light point of view. Finally, the branches are made into pictures, and each of them is a powder.

假山設計中太湖石假山間以花木補白,可以使若幹堆疊較生硬處與堆疊不周處得以藏拙,使全園的氣息較為渾成。宋人郭熙說, “山以水為血脈,以草為毛發,以煙雲為神采”,便是這個道理。

In the rockery design of Taihu Lake, flowers and trees are used to fill the white space between rockery rockery, which can hide some of the harder stacks and the inadequate stacks, and make the whole garden full of flavor. Guo Xi of the Song Dynasty said, "The mountains and rivers are the blood, the grass is the hair, and the smoke and clouds are the spirit." This is the truth.

(3)加強空間的塑造花木不僅可以結合太湖石共同限定空間,亦可作為背景或前景,豐富整體園景的層次。太湖石假山常因其高度不足且平緩,或過於玲瓏多致且纖秀,而不能有效的發揮限定空間的作用。如藝圃南假山,則借樹木補償了山石的不足,從而起到了限定空間的作用。

(3) Strengthens the space the mold flower and tree not only may unify the Taihu Lake stone to limit the space jointly, may also take the background or the foreground, enriches the entire landscape stratification. The rockery of Taihu Lake is often too exquisite and delicate to play an effective role in limiting space because of its insufficient height and gentle, or too exquisite and delicate. Such as the south hill of Yi Pu, the trees compensate for the shortage of rock and stone, thus playing the role of limited space.

另外,由於園林植物所具有的色彩美和獨特的枝條形態,使其成為優化太湖石石景的佳點綴。因此,太湖石假山常背依高達喬木,前麵栽植低矮灌木,山石與花木共同作用烘托出山林之意。

In addition, because of the beautiful colors and unique branches of garden plants, it becomes the best ornament to optimize the Taihu Lake stone landscape. Therefore, the rockery in Taihu Lake is often backed by trees, planted in front of low shrubs, rocks and flowers and trees together to foil the meaning of mountain forests.

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The above content is provided by Jinan rockery manufacturer. If you want to know more about it, you can pay attention to our website: http://www.lounge-f.com. There is more information about it in the website. I hope it can help you!

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