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淺析假山瀑布的製作方法

山水景觀製作以精致、妙趣橫生、逼真,整體協調統一為準繩,完美、富有創意為目的,合理地運用流水造勢是假山造景工作中十分重要的一環,正所謂有山無水不成景。在景觀設計的過程中,團隊的設計師從瀑布的大小,流量,跌水的層次,與周圍環境的融合等方麵都充分考慮,使之完成的瀑布氣韻生動,宛如自然天開。
Landscape production with exquisite, interesting, lifelike, overall harmony and unity as the criterion, perfect, creative as the goal, the rational use of flowing water is a very important part of the work of rockery landscaping, is the so-called landscape without landscape. In the process of landscape design, the team's designers take full account of the size of the waterfall, the flow, the level of fall, and the integration with the surrounding environment to make the waterfall vivid and natural.
一、假山瀑布的製作原則
1. The making principle of rockery waterfalls.
1、在假山瀑布的製作當中製作人員一定要充分的了解和使用好水的特性。通過不同形態的瀑布景觀使得水花和周圍的環境相結合,已達到水景相融,從而激發人們內心的情感,引起共鳴。
1, in the production of rockery waterfall, the production personnel must fully understand and use the characteristics of water. Through the different forms of waterfall landscape makes the spray and the surrounding environment combined, has reached the integration of water scenery, thus stimulating people's inner feelings, causing resonance.
2、塑石假山的造型,不管是假山瀑布,還是其他的園林景觀,人們都是希望能把自然界的景觀移到城市當中來。所以要注意模仿其自然形態,根據塑石假山的可塑性,創造豐富多彩的瀑布景觀。
濟南假山製作
2. The sculpture of rockery rockery, whether it is rockery waterfall, or other landscape, people are hoping to move the natural landscape to the city. Therefore, we should pay attention to imitating its natural form, according to the plasticity of the rockery, to create a rich and colorful waterfall landscape.
3、取其意是假山瀑布在所有水景中適合表達雄偉、剛勁有力的景觀形態。根據假山瀑布自身的展現形態,可以表達不同的景觀題材和意境。
3, the idea is that rockery waterfall is the most suitable for all magnificent waterscape. According to the appearance of the rockfall itself, different landscape themes and artistic conception can be expressed.
二、假山瀑布的製作要點
Two. The key points of rockery waterfall production
1、估計水量同一瀑布,如果瀑身的水量不同,就會營造出不同的氣勢。
1, the same amount of water is estimated. If the water volume of the waterfall is different, it will create different momentum.
2、堰口處理常用的堰口材料多為混凝土或大理石,這樣的堰口在施工時很難做到平整光滑,容易造成瀑身水幕的不完整。因此現在也開始用青銅或不鏽鋼製作堰口,並適當增加堰頂蓄水池的水深,通過隔板盡量減少堰頂的水流。
2. Most of the commonly used materials for weir mouth treatment are concrete or marble. Such weir mouth is difficult to be smooth and smooth during construction, which is easy to cause incomplete waterfall curtain. Therefore, bronze or stainless steel is now used to make weirs, and appropriate increase in the depth of the reservoir at the top of the weir, through the baffle to minimize the flow of the weir top.
3、假山瀑布製作在園林水景塑造中,往往通過追求瀑身的變化,創造多姿多彩的水態。製作時應根據景觀、題材要求,選擇適宜的落水形式。
3. The rockery waterfall is made in the garden waterscape mold, often through the pursuit of waterfall body change, creates the colorful water form. According to the requirements of landscape and subject matter, we should choose suitable form of water fall.
4、天然瀑布的瀑身之下常有一個深潭。在人工瀑布製作時也要在瀑身下設一個受水池,且其寬度不小於瀑身高度的2/3。
4, there is often a deep pool under the falls of natural waterfalls. When making artificial waterfalls, there should also be a receiving pool under the waterfall body, and its width is not less than 2/3 of the height of the waterfall body.
5、照明為表現瀑布景觀夜間的迷人效果,常利用色光燈來突出瀑身的動感和水花飛濺的絢麗多姿。
5. Lighting is used to show the charming effect of the waterfall landscape at night. Colored lights are often used to highlight the movement of the waterfall and the splendid splash of water.
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