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古建布局怎樣考慮方位方向?

中國古建築布局講究方位,十分注重方向,這是在建築設計、施工建造時的一個重要問題。中國有句古話:“向陽門第春先到”,由此可知住宅宅院以及主要房屋都應當麵向正南,采取向陽的方向。正房麵朝南,考慮的是采光,光線明亮,陽光可以從上午9時到下午4時照射入室,居住在房屋之中舒服溫暖。若建造西向的房屋,則西曬,房裏受熱難當。若蓋南房時,南房即房屋麵北,北京人管這種房屋叫“倒座”,常年不見太陽,等於居住在陰山背後,所以人們不願意住這種房子。
The layout of ancient Chinese architecture pays attention to orientation and direction, which is an important issue in architectural design and construction. There is an old saying in China: "Spring comes first to the Yangmen". From this we can see that residential houses and main houses should face south and take the direction of the sun. The front room faces south, the first consideration is daylighting, bright light, sunlight can be from 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. into the room, living in the house comfortable and warm. If we build a westward house, it will be hard to get into the sun. If the south house is built, the south house is the house facing the north, Beijing people call this kind of house "inverted seat", the sun is not seen all year round, is equivalent to living behind the Yinshan, so people do not want to live in this kind of house.
要造房子,其方向隻有向南,中國的禮製製度對住宅建築影響很大,都是要求以向南的方位為原則。
To build a house, its direction is only southward. China's ritual system has a great impact on residential buildings, which require the principle of southward orientation.
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中國從南到北,從東到西,千百萬住宅,各種房屋,在選取方向時,都遵循這一條原則,自古以來一直不變。在一所住宅中,主要的房屋如客廳、明間、臥室、餐廳等等基本上都是向南的。例如:大理白族四合院都麵向正南。
China from south to north, from east to west, millions of houses, all kinds of houses, choose the direction, all follow this principle, has been unchanged since ancient times. In a house, the main houses such as living rooms, bright rooms, bedrooms, restaurants and so on are basically southward. For example, Dali Bai nationality quadrangles are facing the south.
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