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假山設計要考慮哪些因素流程介紹?

一、假山能組織劃分、分隔空間。利用假山大型建築物特性對園林空間進行分隔和劃分,將空間分成大小不同、形狀各異、富於變化的各種空間形態。通過假山的穿插、分隔、夾擁、圍合、聚匯,在假山區可以創造出山路的流動空間、山坳的閉合空間、山洞的拱穹空間、峽穀的縱深空間等各具特色的空間形式。假山還能夠將遊人的視線或視點引到高處或低處,創造仰視和俯視空間景象。
First, rockery can organize and divide space. Based on the characteristics of large-scale buildings on rockery, the garden space is divided into various space forms with different sizes, shapes and variations. Through the insertion, separation, clamping, enclosure and convergence of rockery, the unique space forms such as the flowing space of the mountain road, the closed space of the depression, the arch space of the cave and the deep space of the canyon can be created in the rockery. The rockery can also bring visitors'sight or point of view to high or low places, creating a view of space overlooking and looking up.
二、假山能協調周圍的環境。假山能夠提供的環境類型比平坦地形要多得多。在假山區,不同坡度、不同坡向、不同光照條件、不同土質、不同通風條件的情況隨處可尋,這就給不同生態習性的多種植物都提供了眾多的良好的生長環境條件,有利於提高假山區的生態質量和植物景觀質量。
Two, rockery can coordinate the surrounding environment. Rockery can provide much more environmental types than flat terrain. In the rockery mountainous area, the conditions of different slope, different slope direction, different illumination conditions, different soil quality and different ventilation conditions can be found everywhere, which provides many good growth environment conditions for various plants with different ecological habits, and is conducive to improving the ecological quality and plant landscape quality in the rockery mountainous area.
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三、假山是造景小品、點綴風景。假山與石景景觀是自然山地景觀在園林中的藝術再現。在庭院中、園路邊、廣場上、水池邊、牆角處,甚至在屋頂花園等多種環境中,假山和石景還能作為園林小品,用來點綴風景、增添情趣,起到造景與點景的作用。自然界的奇峰異石、懸崖峭壁、層巒疊嶂、深峽幽穀、泉石洞穴、海島石礁等景觀形象都可以通過假山石景在園林中再現出來。
Three, rockery is landscaping sketch, landscaping. Rockery and stone landscape are the artistic representation of natural mountain landscape in gardens. In the courtyard, garden roadside, square, pool side, corner, even in the roof garden and other environments, rockery and stone landscape can also be used as garden sketches, used to decorate the landscape, add interest, play a role in landscaping and landscape. The natural strange peaks, cliffs, mountains, deep gorges, stone caves, islands and reefs can be reproduced through rockery landscape in the garden.
假山的作用確定了,在設計的過程中,需要根據假山所處的環境,來選擇假山的種類,考慮的首要因素是,假山地基的承載,在一些承載比較弱的地方,比如軟土層、住宅小區室內,則建議選用人造假山。地基的承載考慮如無大問題,則可以選擇園林假山,園林假山的石料選材比較多,有太湖石、千層石、斧劈石、龜紋石等石料,石料的選材跟周圍的環境及營造的風格都有影響。太湖石假山適合一些古典的園林環境,小橋流水、亭台樓閣的搭配,相得益彰。
The function of rockery is determined. In the process of design, the type of rockery should be selected according to the environment of rockery. The primary factor to consider is the bearing capacity of rockery foundation. In some places where the bearing capacity is weak, such as soft soil layer, indoor residential quarters, artificial rockery is recommended. If the bearing capacity of the foundation is not a big problem, we can choose garden rockery. There are many stone materials for garden rockery, such as Taihu stone, thousand-layer stone, axe stone, turtle stone and so on. The selection of stone materials has an impact on the surrounding environment and the style of construction. Taihu Stone Rockery is suitable for some classical garden environment. The combination of small bridges, pavilions and pavilions complements each other.
假山設計的後期環節是假山效果的設計,設計中包含施工圖紙、效果圖等。圖紙的設計是終假山的效果體現。
The latter part of the rockery design is the design of the rockery effect. The design includes construction drawings, renderings and so on. The design of the drawings is the embodiment of the final rockery.
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