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仿木花架在園林中的使用特點

仿木花架是攀援植物的棚架,又是人們消夏辟陰之所。仿木花架在造園設計中往往具有亭、廊的作用,做長線布置時,就象遊廊一樣能發揮建築空間的脈絡的作用,形成導遊路線;也可以用來劃分空間增加風景的深度。做點狀布置時,就象亭子一般,形成觀賞點,並可以在此組織對環境景色的觀賞。仿木花架又不同於亭、廊空間更為通透,特別由於綠色植物及花果自由地攀繞和懸掛,更添一番生氣。仿木花架在現代園林中除供植物攀援外,有時也取形式輕盈以點綴園林建築的某些牆段和簷頭,使之更加活潑和具有園林的性格。
Imitation wood flower rack is the scaffolding of climbing plants, and it is also the place where people turn summer into yin. The imitation wooden flower rack often plays the role of Pavilion and corridor in gardening design. When making long-line layout, it can play the role of architectural space as a corridor, forming a tour guide route; it can also be used to divide space and increase the depth of the landscape. When doing dot layout, it is like a pavilion, forming an ornamental point, and can organize the viewing of the environmental scenery here. Different from pavilions and corridors, wood-like flower racks are more transparent, especially because of the free climbing and hanging of green plants and flowers and fruits. In modern gardens, besides climbing plants, imitation wooden flower racks sometimes adopt lightweight forms to embellish some wall sections and eaves of gardening buildings, making them more lively and have the character of gardening.
仿木花架造型比較靈活和富於變化,常見的形式是梁架式,亦即為人所熟悉的葡萄架,這種花架是先立柱,再沿柱子排列的方向布置梁,在兩排梁上垂直於柱列方向架設間距較小的枋,兩端向外條出懸臂,如供藤本植物攀援時,在枋上還要布置更細的枝條以形成網絡。
The shape of wood-like flower rack is flexible and changeable. The most common form is the girder type, that is, the familiar grape rack. This flower rack is to erect columns first, then arrange beams along the direction of the columns, erect small spacing loquats perpendicular to the direction of the columns on two rows of beams, and cantilever out at both ends, such as for climbing vines. At the same time, more branches should be arranged to form a network.
濟南假山製作
仿木花架的另一種形式是半邊列柱半邊牆,上邊疊架小枋,它在劃分封閉或開敞的空間上更為自如,造園趣味類似半邊廊,在牆上亦可以開設景窗使意境更為含蓄。
Another form of imitation wooden flower rack is half column and half side wall, overlapping small buns on the top. It is more comfortable in dividing closed or open space. Gardening interest is similar to half gallery. Scenic windows can also be opened on the wall to make the artistic conception more implicit.
此外新的形式還有單排柱花架或單柱式花架及圓形花架。單排柱的花架仍然保持廊的造園特征,它的組織空間和疏導人流方麵,具有同樣的作用,但在造型上卻輕盈自由的多。單柱式的花架很象一座亭子,隻不過頂蓋是由攀援植物的液和蔓組成。圓形仿木花架,枋從中心向外放射,形式舒展新穎,別具風韻。
In addition, the new form includes single row flower rack or single column flower rack and circular flower rack. The single-row column frame still maintains the gardening characteristics of the corridor. It has the same function in organizing space and guiding the flow of people, but it is much lighter and more free in shape. The single column flower rack is much like a pavilion, but the top is composed of liquid and vines of climbing plants. The circular imitation wooden flower rack radiates from the center, and the form is new and unique.
各種花架形式處理重點是柱枋的造型,柱子構造主要采用鋼筋混凝土預製,但磚柱、石柱也不失為一種質樸的性格,使花架保持一種自然美的格調。梁柱基本上已經很少采用木材,但在實際使用中,鋼筋混凝土的梁枋在形式及斷麵大小上仍然保持木材的既有風格。許多花架對枋頭的式樣較為注意,早期使用木材多作扭曲紋樣,現代鋼筋混凝土枋頭一般處理成逐漸收分,形成懸臂梁的典型式樣。有點不作變化平直伸出也簡介大方。此外更有采用鋼筋混凝土網格式預製葡萄架(網格中距約為80厘米見方)的結構方法,施工時采用簡易頂升法定位於柱子上,它具有構件截麵小,在體態上亦較為窈窕。
All kinds of flower racks are mainly dealt with in the form of pillars. The pillars are mainly prefabricated with reinforced concrete, but brick and stone pillars are also a simple character, which makes the flower racks maintain a natural and beautiful style. Wood is seldom used in beams and columns, but in actual use, reinforced concrete beams still retain the existing style of wood in form and section size. Many flower racks pay more attention to the pattern of the loquat. In the early stage, wood was mostly used for twisting pattern. Modern reinforced concrete loquat was generally treated as gradual receipt, forming a typical pattern of cantilever beam. A little change, straight out, and a generous introduction. In addition, the structure method of reinforced concrete grid prefabricated grape trellis (the middle distance of the grid is about 80 cm square) is adopted. Simple lifting method is adopted to locate the grape on the column during construction. It has small cross-section of components and is fairly graceful in shape.
相信看了本文的濟南假山製作http://www.lounge-f.com介紹後,對這方麵也會有自己的一番認識,以後針對的等問題也能很好的解決。
I believe that after reading the introduction of the Jinan rockery production http://www.lounge-f.com, I will have my own understanding of this aspect, and other problems can be solved well in the future.
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