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濟南假山製作前需要哪些材料準備?

  假山設計製作中肯定離不開石料的使用,石料準備是塑石假山施工前的重要工作,包括對石料的選擇、運輸和分類。下麵春天園藝假山製作人員為您講述塑石假山施工前的石料準備工作。
  Stone preparation is an important work before the construction of plastic rockery, including the selection, transportation and classification of stone. The following spring horticultural rockery producers will tell you about the stone preparation work before the construction of plastic rockery rockery.
  1、石料的選購:
  1. Selection and Purchase of Stone:
  根據假山設計意圖及設計方案所確定的石材種類,需要到山石的產地進行選購。在產地現場,通常需根據所能提供的石料的石質、大小、形態等,設想出那些石料可用於假山的何種部位,並要通盤考慮山石的形狀與用量。
  According to the rockery design intention and the type of rockery determined by the design plan, it is necessary to purchase rockery from its origin. In the production site, it is usually necessary to figure out what parts of rocks can be used in the rockery according to the stone quality, size, shape and so on. The shape and amount of rocks should be taken into account.
  2、石料的運輸:
  2. Transportation of stone:
  石料的運輸,特別是湖石的運輸,重要的是防止其被損壞。在裝卸過程中,寧可多費一些人力、物力,也要盡力保護好石料的自然石麵。峰石在運輸過程中更要注意保護。一般在運輸車中放置黃沙或虛土,厚約20cm左右,而後將峰石仰臥於沙土之上,這樣可以保證峰石的安全。
  The most important thing in the transportation of stone, especially Lake stone, is to prevent it from being damaged. In the process of loading and unloading, we would rather spend some more manpower and material resources, and try our best to protect the natural stone surface. Peak stones in the transport process should pay more attention to protection. In general, yellow sand or virtual soil is placed in the transport vehicle, about 20 cm thick, and then the peak stone is lying on the sand, which can ensure the safety of the peak stone.
  3、石料的分類:
  3. Classification of stones:
  石料運到工地後應分塊平放在地麵上,以供“相石”方便。然後再將石料分門別類,進行有秩序地排列放置。
  When the stone is transported to the construction site, it should be laid on the ground in blocks for the convenience of "facing stone". Then the stones are classified and arranged in an orderly manner.
  一、假山的基本特征
  I. Basic Characteristics of Rockery
  中國園林是一種自然式山水園林,追求天然之趣是中國園林的基本特征。大自然的山水是假山創作的藝術源泉和依據。真山雖好,卻難得經常遊覽。假山創作的基本原則是:“有真為假,做假成真”。假山布置在住宅附近,作為藝術作品,比真山更為概括、更為精煉,可寓以人的思想感情,使之有“片山有致,寸石生情”的魅力。人為的假山又必須力求不露人工的痕跡,令人真假難辨。與中國傳統的山水畫一脈相承的假山,貴在似真非真,雖假猶真,耐人尋味。假山具有多方麵的造景功能,如構成園林的主景或地形骨架,劃分和組織園林空間,布置庭院、駁岸、護坡、擋土,設置自然式花台。還可以與園林建築、園路、場地和園林植物組合成富於變化的景致,借以減少人工氣氛,增添自然生趣,使園林建築融匯到山水環境中。因此,假山成為表現中國自然山水園的特征之一。
  Chinese garden is a kind of natural landscape garden. Pursuing natural interest is the basic characteristic of Chinese garden. The natural landscape is the artistic source and basis of rockery creation. Although the real mountain is good, it seldom visits frequently. The basic principle of rockery creation is: "Truth is false, and falsehood is true". The rockery is arranged near the residence. As an artistic work, it is more concise and refined than the real mountain. It can embody people's thoughts and feelings, and make it have the charm of "a beautiful mountain, an inch of stone and sentiment". Artificial rockery must also strive not to reveal artificial traces, making it difficult to distinguish between true and false. The rockery, which is in line with the traditional Chinese landscape painting, is precious in its authenticity, though it is still fake and intriguing. Rockery has many landscaping functions, such as constituting the main landscape or terrain skeleton of the garden, dividing and organizing the garden space, arranging courtyards, revetments, slope protection, earth retaining, and setting up natural flower beds. It can also be combined with garden buildings, garden roads, sites and garden plants to form a variety of scenery, so as to reduce the artificial atmosphere, increase natural interest, and make garden buildings merge into the landscape environment. Therefore, rockery has become one of the characteristics of natural landscape gardens in China.
濟南假山製作
  二、假山的整體布局
  II. Overall Layout of Rockery
  假山布局要選擇和結合環境條件確定山水的間架和山水形勢,要按照水脈和山石的自然皴紋,將零碎的山石材料堆砌成為有整體感和一定類型的假山,使之遠觀有“勢”,近看有“質”和對比襯托,包括大小、曲直、收放、明晦、起伏、虛實、寂喧、幽曠、濃淡、向背、險夷等。
  The layout of rockery should choose and combine the environmental conditions to determine the space and landscape situation. According to the natural chaff pattern of water veins and rocks, fragmentary rockery materials should be piled up into a holistic and certain type of rockery to make it have "potential" in the long view and "quality" and contrast in the near view, including size, straightness, collection, obscurity and fluctuation. They are empty and real, silent and noisy, secluded, dense, backward, dangerous and so on.
  三、假山常用的石材
  3. Stone materials commonly used in rockery
  中國園林中的假山,常見的是土石山。土石山的一種是土山帶石,即在以土為主堆成的假山上,或在山坡上,半露岩石,猶如天然生就;或在山腳,用壘石護坡等。另一種是石山帶土的假山,“但以石作主而土附之”,在江南園林多見。假山中還有純粹的石山,常置於庭院內、走廊旁,或依牆而建。選擇堆疊假山的石塊,是非常重要的。疊山石有名的,有湖石類的太湖石,以產於太湖洞庭山消夏灣者為優;還有黃石,好的產於常州黃山。山石的“石形、石質、石紋、石理,皆有不同,”所以,要按照所構築園林的具體情況來決定去取。
  Rock and earth mountains are the most common rockery mountains in Chinese gardens. One kind of earth-rock mountain is the earth-rock belt, that is, on the artificial hill with soil as the main pile, or on the hillside, half-exposed rock, as if born naturally, or at the foot of the hill, with barrier rocks to protect the slope and so on. The other is the rockery with soil in the rocky mountains, "but the rockery is the master and the soil is attached to it", which is common in gardens in the south of the Yangtze River. There are also pure rocky hills in the rockery, often placed in the courtyard, near the corridor, or built according to the wall. It is very important to choose rocks to stack rockeries. The most famous stacked rocks are Taihu rocks with lake rocks, the best of which are produced in Xiaoxia Bay, Dongting Mountain, Taihu Lake, and Huangshi, the best of which is produced in Huangshan Mountain, Changzhou. The "stone shape, stone quality, stone grain and stone texture" of the rocks are different, so we should decide to take them according to the specific conditions of the gardens we have built.
  濟南假山製作是中國園林藝術中有代表性的景觀之一,已形成其特定的山石文化。“園無石不秀”“居無石不雅”,以自然山石為庭院的主景,已越來越受到人們的喜愛。崇尚自然向往返璞歸真的環境空間是人們的追求。更多相關內容可點擊秋葵视频官网下载的網站進行谘詢:http://www.lounge-f.com
  The fabrication of Jinan rockery is one of the representative landscapes in Chinese garden art, and has formed its specific rockery culture. "No stone in the garden is beautiful", "No stone in the garden is elegant". With natural rocks as the main landscape of the courtyard, it has been more and more popular. It is people's pursuit to advocate nature and return to the real environment. For more information, click on our website: http://www.lounge-f.com
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