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假山製作如何做到逼真?

古人雲:“山無石不奇,水無石不清,園無石不秀,室無石不雅。賞石清心,賞石怡人,賞石益智,賞石陶情,賞石長壽。”古典園林假山多以天然山石塑造,輔以能工巧匠精妙的布局設置,還園林以山水畫中的意韻。
The ancients said, "No stone is strange in mountains, no stone is unclear in water, no stone is beautiful in gardens and no stone is elegant in rooms." Appreciate the stone, enjoy the stone pleasant, appreciate the stone wisdom, appreciate the stone pottery, appreciate the stone longevity. Most of the rockeries in classical gardens are shaped by natural rocks, assisted by exquisite layout by skillful craftsmen, and also by the charm of landscape paintings.
假山製作工藝發展至今,由於天然石材價格昂貴,並且擁有奇異造型的天然石材甚是難尋,因此衍生出了以GRC、混合砂漿、鋼絲網為假山製作的材料,逐漸地塑石假山成為了天然山石的代替品。秋葵视频官网app都知道,人造假山相比自然山石自然是少了些許的靈氣,因此,如何是塑石假山做到逼真的效果尤為重要。這也是塑石假山得以立足假山市場的重要因素,更是對一個假山施工隊伍的假山製作技法的檢驗。
With the development of rockery manufacturing technology, because of the high price of natural rockery and the difficulty of finding natural rockery with strange shapes, materials made of GRC, mixed mortar and steel wire mesh have been derived, and rockery rockery has gradually become a substitute for natural rockery. As we all know, artificial rockeries are naturally less spiritual than natural rockeries. Therefore, how to make the plastic rockeries realistic is particularly important. This is also an important factor for the plastic rockery to be based on the rockery market, and is also a test of the rockery making techniques of a rockery construction team.
塑石假山製作能否達到仿真效果,關鍵的影響因素還在於假山抹麵的製作、顏色的處理、山體結構的打造、以及與地處環境的融合。
Whether the plastic rockery fabrication can achieve the simulation effect depends on the fabrication of the rockery face, the treatment of the color, the construction of the mountain structure and the integration with the environment.
塑石假山抹麵的處理主要涉及山石的質感、紋理的刻畫、色澤的打造。質感和色澤根據設計要求,用石粉、色粉按適當比例配白水泥或普通水粉調成砂漿,按粗糙、平滑、拉毛等塑麵手法處理。紋理的塑造,一般來說,直紋為主、橫紋為輔的山石,較能表現峻峭、挺拔的姿勢;橫紋為主、直紋為輔的山石,較能表現瀟灑、豪放的意象。
濟南假山製作
The treatment of plastic rockery masonry mainly involves the texture, texture and color of rockery. According to the design requirements, the texture and colour are mixed with white cement or ordinary water powder in appropriate proportion with stone powder and colour powder to form mortar, which is treated by plastic surface techniques such as roughness, smoothness and hairing. Generally speaking, the shaping of texture, mainly composed of straight lines and supplemented by horizontal lines, can show steep and upright posture; while the shaping of mainly composed of horizontal lines and supplemented by straight lines can show chic and bold images.
顏色的處理上,根據所塑山石的位置極其作用,選擇合適的氧化鐵顏料(或者丙烯顏料)進行調製、上色。上色在塑麵水分未幹透時進行,基本色調用顏料粉和水泥加水拌勻,逐層灑染。在石縫孔洞或陰角部位略灑稍深的色調,待塑麵九成幹時,在凹陷處灑上少許綠、黑或白色等大小、疏密不同的斑點,以增強立體感和自然感。
In the treatment of color, according to the position of the moulded rocks, the appropriate iron oxide pigments (or propylene pigments) are selected to adjust and color. Coloring is carried out when the moisture of the plastic surface is not completely dry. The basic tone is mixed with pigment powder and cement and water, and dyed layer by layer. When 90% of the plastic surface is dry, a few green, black or white spots of different sizes and densities are sprinkled on the depression to enhance the stereoscopic and natural feeling.
假山製作與環境的融合,正所謂“景有盡而意無窮”,假山的製作是塑山,更是造景,盡管假山可以在園林或景區裏獨立成景,但也不能跳脫出大環境而獨立存在。假山配以跌水,用水的柔和突出山的雄偉、壯闊,空間效果更加飽和,更賦詩情畫意。結合動物雕塑和綠植,營造豐富的視覺感受。
The integration of rockery production and environment is the so-called "endless scenery". The production of rockery is moulding mountains, but also making scenery. Although rockery can be built independently in gardens or scenic spots, it can not exist independently out of the environment. Rockery with falling water, water softness highlights the magnificence and magnificence of the mountain, space effect is more saturated, more poetic and picturesque. Combine animal sculpture and green planting to create rich visual experience.
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