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園林假山的藝術成就!

  中國造園曆史悠久,源遠流長。作為其中重要部分的假山,也隨著園林的發展而發展,形成一個獨特而完善的園林體係,具有強烈的民族風格和地方特色,達到了較高的藝術成就。
  Chinese gardening has a long history. As an important part of it, rockery also develops with the development of gardens, forming a unique and perfect gardening system with strong national style and local characteristics, and achieving high artistic achievements.
  1、假山的造型  假山藝術是一種造型藝術,它靠形象的魅力去感染觀者,在應用過程中假山的造型不斷豐富、不斷創新,出現了許多傳統園林中所沒有過的造型,如昆明世博園的山水景觀,同時,現代科技工藝也應用於園林造景。如與噴霧技術結合來表現深山大壑般沐浴的山水。
  1. The plastic arts of rockery is a kind of plastic arts. It relies on the charm of the image to infect the viewers. In the process of application, the shapes of rockery are constantly enriched and innovated. There are many shapes that are not found in traditional gardens, such as the landscape of Kunming World Expo Garden. At the same time, modern technology and crafts should also be used in landscape design. Such as the combination of spray technology to show the mountains and mountains bathing landscape.
  2、假山的尺度  其服務對象和使用方式決定了園林空間的規模和特點。私家園林的規模一般較小,再假山建築的分割和圍和,假山所處的空間更加有限,即使是規模宏大的皇家園林,代表假山藝術成就的疊山石也仍處於相對狹小空間,欣賞假山的視距較短。因而傳統假山的規模尺度小。現代城市公園拉開了現代園林發展的序幕。麵向市民的城市公園通常用地規模較大,空間尺度大。雖然規模尺度小的假山在現代園林中應用也非常廣泛,但是適應現代園林開敞特點,大尺度誇張造型的山石景觀也出現在現代園林之中。
濟南假山製作
  2. The scale of rockery, its service object and use mode determine the scale and characteristics of garden space. Private gardens are generally small in scale, and the partition and enclosure of rockery buildings make the space of rockery more limited. Even the Royal gardens, which represent the artistic achievements of rockery, are still in a relatively narrow space, and the distance to appreciate rockery is relatively short. Therefore, the scale of traditional rockery is small. Modern urban parks opened the prelude to the development of modern gardens. Citizen-oriented urban parks usually have large land use and large spatial scale. Although small-scale rockery is also widely used in modern gardens, it adapts to the open characteristics of modern gardens, and large-scale exaggerated rockery landscape also appears in modern gardens.
  3、假山的風格  假山的造型、尺度的變化也帶來了假山風格的變化。簡潔的造型,概括的輪廓、細致自然的紋理以及適宜的尺度與現代園林的風格更加協調。特別是現代園林置石,其簡潔如抽象雕塑般的造型更能與現代風格的園林空間融為一體,在現代風格的探索中還出現了一種抽象山水。具有代表性的作品是美國波特蘭市大會堂前廣場的山水景觀,這組山水景觀使得這一現代城市開放空間獨具魅力。
  3. The style of the rockery. The change of the shape and scale of the rockery also brought about the change of the style of the rockery. Simple shape, general outline, meticulous natural texture and appropriate scale are more in harmony with the style of modern gardens. Especially in modern gardens, the simple sculpture-like shape can be more integrated with the modern style of garden space. In the exploration of modern style, there is also an abstract landscape. The most representative works are the landscapes in the front square of the Great Hall of Portland, USA. These landscapes make the open space of this modern city charming.
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