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假山製作的要點主要體現在哪裏?

  在人工假山製作中,構思是非常重要的,人工假山製作必須要做到胸有成竹,下麵小編為大家詳細介紹假山製作的要點。
  In the production of artificial rockery, conception is very important. Artificial rockery production must have a thorough understanding. Here is a brief introduction of the main points of the production of artificial rockery.
  、構思設計 假山製作前。
  First, the design of rockery before production.
  製作哪一類,什麽造型,都要確定好,否則就無從下手,根據構思,初步在紙上畫出輪廓形狀。注意:假山的高低、大小要與製作地高寬大小比例協調。
  Make which kind, what shape, we must determine, otherwise we can not start, according to the idea, initially draw the outline shape on the paper. Note: The height and size of the rockery should be in proportion to the height and width of the site.
  第二、粘合膠接假山
  Second, bonding and gluing rockery
  1.先要調好水泥漿,注意漿要隨用隨調,還要注意漿的稀稠度。為增加凝固時間,可在水泥中適量加入堵漏資料;對於石體上需附著造型石體,可用雲石膠固定,膠體幹後用水泥漿覆蓋膠體,以協調整體色調。
  1. First of all, we should adjust the cement slurry, pay attention to the slurry should be adjusted as it is used, and also pay attention to the slurry's thinness and consistency. In order to increase the solidification time, leak stoppage data can be added to the cement in a proper amount; for the stone body which needs to be attached to the plastic stone body, it can be fixed with dolomite glue, and the colloid is covered with cement slurry after drying, so as to coordinate the overall tone.
  2.石材加工,把需要膠接的石頭用錘、鑿、鋸等工具加工出紋理和比較奇特的形狀來。為保證於上下石體相互支撐,對接觸部位還需進行切割加工。
  2. Stone processing, using hammers, chisels, saws and other tools to produce textures and more peculiar shapes. In order to ensure that the upper and lower stones support each other, the contact parts need to be cut and processed.
  3.粘合山體,需要粘合的山石麵用塗上水泥漿使山石吻合為一體,粘合時要注意,盡量使山石粘合處看不出斷裂的痕跡,還要注意把粘合處多餘的漿清除幹淨。
  3. To bond the mountain body, the surface of the mountain and stone that needs to be bonded should be coated with cement slurry to make the mountain and stone fit together. Attention should be paid when bonding, so that the broken marks can not be seen at the joint of the mountain and stone as far as possible, and the excess slurry at the joint should be cleaned up.
  所謂假山,其實不假,其氣質甚至勝出真山。人說“風景如畫”,意謂畫之景可以取舍,勝於風景,其理一樣。但若假山堆得不好,則不在其列。假山造型,輪廊線須有變化,變化中又須求得均衡。
  The so-called rockery, in fact, is true, and its temperament is even better than the real mountain. People say that "the scenery is picturesque", which means that the picturesque scenery is better than the scenery, and the reason is the same. But if the rockery is not well piled, it is not included. The shape of rockery must be changed and the balance must be found in the change.
  “山不在高,貴有層次,……”(陳從周《說園》)藝術中的層次之美,在於掩映,在於含蓄。堆山堆出有層次感,關鍵的是峰戀要有立體布局。產生前後掩映,似表現出“崇山峻嶺”之感。後麵的被前麵的遮住有章法,則更能顯示出山的嵯峨之氣勢,甚有力度。揚州個園之秋山,可謂黃石假山之上品。實而不悶,高峻而又奇險。若說具體手法,則更要重一個“虛”字;注意山形之凹凸變化及洞壑之大小搭配為上。
  "Mountains are not high, noble and hierarchical,..." (Chen Congzhou's Shuoyuan) The beauty of layers in art lies in concealment and implication. There is a sense of hierarchy in the heap of mountains, and the key is to have a three-dimensional layout for the love of the peak. It seems to show the feeling of "lofty mountains". The latter is covered by the front with rules, which can better show the magnificent momentum of the mountain, very powerful. The autumn hill in Yangzhou gardens is the top grade of Huangshi rockery. It is not dull, tall and dangerous. If we talk about specific techniques, we should emphasize the word "virtual". We should pay attention to the change of hill shape and the size of the cave.
濟南假山製作
  其次是氣質。
  Secondly, temperament.
  假山仿真山,仿得是氣質,不是做真山的模型。要去其糟粕,取其精華。真山之美,一在巍峨雄健,二在險峻挺拔。假山雖小,但其姿態氣質不亞於真山之雄偉和奇險。要做到險峻之勢,有一個辦法是其下部宜小不宜大,宜空透不宜閉實。堆山之不好看,其中一個原因就是山的下部太肥太悶,缺乏險峻之感。特別是立峰、單石、更須重視險峻之美。大凡名貴的單石、立峰,均具有險峻之美。江南三大名石:蘇州的瑞雲峰、上海(豫園)的玉玲瓏、杭州的縐雲峰,從造型來說不亞於“江南三大名石”,無論其輪廊線、虛實關係,都符合山石之沈美準則,但它更美在險峻。
  The imitation of rockery is temperament, not a model of real mountain. To get rid of its dregs and extract its essence. The beauty of the real mountain lies in its majesty and vigor, and in its steepness and uprightness. Although the rockery is small, its attitude and temperament are no less magnificent and dangerous than the real mountain. To achieve the steep situation, one way is that its lower part should be small rather than large, and should be air-permeable rather than solid. One of the reasons why the hills are so ugly is that the lower part of the hills is too fat and stuffy and lacks the sense of steepness. Especially for the peaks and single stones, we should pay more attention to the beauty of steepness. All precious single stones and peaks have precipitous beauty. The three famous stones in the south of the Yangtze River: Rui Yunfeng of Suzhou, the jade Linglong of Shanghai (Yu Garden), and Zhou Yunfeng of Hangzhou, are not inferior to "three famous stones in the south of the Yangtze River". They are all in line with the rules of mountain beauty, but they are more beautiful and steep.
  山之意境有不同的類別。人常言泰山以雄著稱,黃山以奇著稱,華山險,峨眉秀,廬山迷,審美特征不同。假山也同樣分這些類型,所以須選一種審美傾向,然後刻意追求之。假山是一種藝術,其意境應當是山,而不要去做擬是而非的龍、虎之類。做成這種具象,不免俗氣。
  The artistic conception of mountains has different categories. It is often said that Mount Tai is famous for its heroism, Mount Huangshan is famous for its peculiarity, Huashan is dangerous, Emeixiu is beautiful, and Mount Lushan fans have different aesthetic characteristics. Rockery can also be divided into these types, so it is necessary to choose an aesthetic tendency and pursue it deliberately. Rockery is an art. Its artistic conception should be mountain, not dragon or tiger. It is vulgar to make such a representation.
  以上是小編為大家介紹的關於假山製作需要掌握的要點,想要了解更多假山製作的內容歡迎關注本站,希望小編以上的總結對大家有所幫助。
  Above is the main points about the production of rockery introduced by Xiaobian. If you want to know more about the production of rockery, you are welcome to pay attention to this site. I hope the summary of Xiaobian will be helpful to you.
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