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濟南假山製作中山腳處理方法!

  塑石假山山腳施工是山體施工起始部分,其主要工作包括拉底、起腳和做腳。這三部分是緊密聯係的。所謂拉底,就是在山腳線範圍內砌築層山石,即做出墊底的山石層。拉底的方式和拉底山腳線的處理見下麵的簡述。
  The foot construction of plastic rockery rockery is the initial part of mountain construction. Its main work includes bottom pulling, footing and footwork. These three parts are closely related. The so-called Lady is to build the first layer of rocks within the footline of the mountain, that is, to make the bottom of the rocks. The way to pull the bottom and the treatment of the foot line of Mount Lady are outlined below.
  塑石假山拉底的方式有滿拉底和周邊拉底兩種。
  There are two ways to lay the bottom of plastic rockery rockery: full laying and surrounding laying.
  1.周邊拉底是先用山石在塑石假山山腳沿線砌成一圈墊底石,再用亂石碎磚或泥土將石圈內全部填起來,壓實後即成為墊底的塑石假山底層。這一方式適合基底麵積較大的大型塑石假山。
  1. The surrounding bottom-pulling is to build a circle of cushion rocks along the foot of the plastic rockery rockery, then fill all the stone circles with rubble and broken bricks or mud, and then compact them into the bottom of the plastic rockery rockery rockery rockery. This method is suitable for large plastic rockery rockery with large basement area.
  2.滿拉底是在山腳線的範圍內用山石滿鋪一層。這種拉底的做法適宜規模較小、山底麵積也較小的塑石假山,或在北方冬季有凍脹破壞地方的塑石假山。
  2. Manladi is a layer covered with rocks at the foot of the mountain. This kind of bottom-pulling method is suitable for small-scale plastic rockery rockery with smaller area at the bottom of the mountain, or plastic rockery rockery rockery with frost heaving damage in winter in the north.
  首先要注意選擇適合的山石來做山底,不得用風化過度的鬆散的山石。其次,假山拉底的山石底部一定要墊平墊穩,保證不能搖動,以便於向上砌築山體。第三,拉底的石與石之間要緊連互咬。第四,山石之間要不規則地斷續相間,有斷有連。第五,拉底的邊緣部分,要錯落變化,使山腳彎曲時有不同的半徑,凹進時有不同的凹深和凹陷寬度,要避免山腳的平直和渾圓形狀。
濟南假山製作
  First of all, we should pay attention to the selection of suitable rocks to make the bottom of the mountain. We should not use loose rocks with excessive weathering. Secondly, the rockery bottom of the rockery bottom must be padded steadily to ensure that it can not shake, so as to facilitate the upward building of the mountain. Thirdly, Lady's stones and stones must bite each other closely. Fourthly, rocks and mountains should be intermittently and irregularly connected. Fifth, the edge of the bottom should be altered in different ways, so that the foot of the hill has different radius when bending, different depth and width when concave, and the flat and round shape of the foot of the hill should be avoided.
  山腳線的處理
  Processing of mountain footline
  1.埋腳:是將山底周邊墊底山石埋入土下約20厘米,可使整座塑石假山看上去仿佛是從地下長出來似的。在石邊土中栽植花草後,塑石假山與地麵的結合就更加緊密、更加自然了。
  1. Foot Burying: Bury the rock around the bottom of the mountain into the soil about 20 centimeters, so that the whole rock-moulding rockery seems to grow out of the ground. After planting flowers and plants in the rocky soil, the combination of plastic rockery rockery and the ground becomes closer and more natural.
  2.露腳:即在地麵上直接做起山底邊線的墊腳石圈,使整個塑石假山就象是放在地上似的。這種方式可以減少山石用量和用工量,但塑石假山的山腳效果會梢差一些。
  2. Out-of-the-ground: that is to say, to directly make the foot-stone circle of the side line of the bottom of the hill on the ground, so that the whole plastic rockery seems to be on the ground. This method can reduce the amount of rock and labor, but the effect of plastic rockery at the foot of the hill will be worse.
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