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假山製作的洞體結構是怎麽樣的?

  假山在生產堆疊洞穴,是假山生產的各種技術。為了能夠承受上層的重量,假山施工中必須以地基為基礎。要注重更多的頂、柱、牆在造型上選用假山石。牆內的填充體必須有精確的整體重心,並且必須足夠堅硬。內牆與石柱內頂嵌石尖縫要密實,在混凝土與粘結材料未達到足夠強度時不能拆下模具和支架。
  Rockery is a kind of technology for producing stacked caves. In order to bear the weight of the upper layer, the foundation must be used in the construction of rockery. Must pay attention to more top, column, wall in the shape of the choice of rockery. The filler in the wall must have a precise global center of gravity and be hard enough. The joint between the inner wall and the stone pillar should be dense, and the mould and bracket can not be removed when the concrete and the bonding material are not strong enough.
  假洞穴由以下部分組成:
  The false cave consists of the following parts:
  洞穴地基與基石:假山地基石又稱底腳石,假洞穴本身承載著很大的重量,而且還具有遊覽的功能,所以它的地基必須有足夠的承載力,洞穴立柱與洞穴壁需要做地基。假山洞一般采用木樁或石樁作為基礎,現代假洞多采用鋼筋混凝土作為基石。如果假洞堆積在地麵和水中,地基的石頭應該從池底開始,這樣會使洞更堅固。
  Cave Foundation and Foundation Stone: The rockery foundation stone is also called footstone. The artificial cave itself bears a great weight and has the function of touring. Therefore, its foundation must have enough bearing capacity, and the cave column and cave wall need to be the foundation. Artificial caves generally use wooden or stone piles as the foundation, while modern artificial caves mostly use reinforced concrete as the foundation. If the holes are piled up on the ground and in water, the foundation stones should start at the bottom of the pool, which will make the holes stronger.
濟南假山製作
  洞壁、洞柱:洞壁是指整個洞穴的支撐。在平麵上,它是點、線和麵的組合。其中柱為點,牆為線,孔為麵。洞穴壁分為兩個空的和單側支撐的,對於兩個空的假山洞穴壁,在堆疊中更加複雜,不僅需要考慮結構的承重關係,還需要考慮假洞穴內外觀景和采光位置的要求。因此,這種牆體在起腳時一定要注意輕盈性和一定的透氣性,並且對堆垛技術要求較高,且抓取難度較大。單側支靠牆擋石處理簡單,需要注意腳薄。從中間開始一步一步使懸臂,當使懸臂不同於一般的群石,選擇沒有黑暗裂縫和堅硬的石材,並充分考慮石頭蓋的緊張和壓力,以確保石牆有足夠的洞穴牆壁反應推力。在形態上,應考慮溶洞母岩的形態特征。
  Cave wall and pillar: Cave wall refers to the support of the whole cave. On the plane, it is a combination of points, lines and planes. The column is a point, the wall is a line and the hole is a plane. Cave walls are divided into two empty and one-sided supporting. For two empty cave walls, it is more complex in stacking. It is necessary to consider not only the load-bearing relationship of the structure, but also the requirements of view and lighting locations inside and outside the cave. Therefore, this kind of wall must pay attention to lightness and certain permeability when starting, and has higher requirements for stacking technology, and it is difficult to grasp. The treatment of single side wall retaining stone is simple, and thin feet should be paid attention to. Starting from the middle step by step, when the cantilever is different from the ordinary rocks, choose the hard stone without dark cracks, and fully consider the tension and pressure of the stone cover to ensure that the stone wall has enough reaction thrust of the cave wall. In morphology, the morphological characteristics of cave mother rocks should be considered.
  由於受跨度和長度的限製,假山洞通常采用柱頂支護的方法。柱是指大石塊上堆砌的小、拱形石柱,有單柱、雙柱、三柱幾種形式。柱子由一堆石頭隔開,留出一兩個空間作為開口。洞穴立柱和牆體的高度應與舉毛和屋頂打結的需要同時考慮。此外,還應考慮進入洞穴的遊客的功能要求。
  Because of the limitation of span and length, the support method of pillar roof is usually used in the rockery cave. Columns refer to small, arch-shaped stone pillars piled on large stones, which are in the form of single, double and three pillars. The pillars are separated by a pile of stones, leaving one or two spaces as openings. The height of cave columns and walls should be considered in conjunction with the need to lift wool and tie the roof. In addition, the functional requirements of visitors entering caves should also be considered.
  以上內容由濟南假山製作廠家整理發布,更多相關信息可點擊秋葵视频官网入口下载的官方網站谘詢:http://www.lounge-f.com
  The above content is organized and published by Jinan rockery manufacturer. For more information, please click on our official website: http://www.lounge-f.com.
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