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怎麽打造賞心悅目的盆景?

無論是傳統園林還是現代花園,植物景觀一直是秋葵视频官网二维码下载的追求的主題,植物花園的自然元素是永恒的不變,一個的園林作品離不開成功的植物配置,植物,葉子顏色,香味,季節性變化可以創建不同的意境和魅力。
  Whether traditional or modern gardens, plant landscape has always been the theme of our pursuit. The natural elements of plant garden are eternal unchanged. A good garden works can not be separated from the successful plant configuration, plant, leaf color, fragrance, seasonal changes can create different artistic conception and charm.
  為植物提供合適的生長條件是一個重要的保證植物的生存,但一些建築施工企業常常認為種植幼苗隻是一個簡單的操作,由於缺乏正確的理解和高死亡率造成的幼苗,綠化種植效果強烈的不滿意。
  Providing suitable growth conditions for plants is an important guarantee for the survival of plants, but some construction enterprises often think that planting seedlings is only a simple operation, because of lack of correct understanding and high mortality caused by seedlings, greening planting effect is strongly unsatisfactory.
  原因如下:
  The reasons are as follows:
  首先,不處理種植孔,南方大部分土壤相對粘稠,集料結構差,透水性差,透氣性差,植樹或土壤濕度高,導致落葉腐爛根係,甚至死亡。
  Firstly, without treatment of planting holes, most soils in southern China are relatively thick, with poor aggregate structure, poor water permeability, poor air permeability, high tree planting or soil moisture, leading to decay of deciduous roots and even death.
  其次,灌木種植後修剪後出現大量的殘茬,形成類似的“禿發”現象,嚴重影響景觀效果;
  Secondly, a large number of stubble emerged after shrub planting and pruning, forming a similar phenomenon of "baldness", seriously affecting the landscape effect.
  第三,由於植物在種植時不考慮觀賞麵和觀賞線的視線,造成擺放不良,沒有表現出其佳的樹形、樹姿。
  Thirdly, because the plants do not take into account the ornamental surface and line of sight when planting, it causes poor placement and does not show its best tree shape and posture.
  第四,作為一個廣泛使用的表達方式在現代園林中,偉大的藝術價值的地盤是為花園提供一個豐富的生活背景,但往往由於鋪設技術措施不到位,導致失去自己的價值,如常見的黃色的禿發,凹凸不平,“猖獗”的現象。因此,鋪草前應盡可能平整草坪,路麵應人工或機械搗碎,使草皮根部貼近地麵,避免積水和黃斑。對於根係和莖發達的草坪,應將根係切斷並挖溝,避免莖向路麵蔓延。
  Fourth, as a widely used way of expression in modern gardens, the greatest artistic value of the site is to provide a rich living background for the garden, but often due to inadequate paving technical measures, resulting in loss of their own value, such as the common yellow baldness, uneven, "rampant" phenomenon. Therefore, before laying grass, the lawn should be as flat as possible, and the road surface should be smashed artificially or mechanically to make the grass root close to the ground, so as to avoid water accumulation and macula. For lawns with well-developed roots and stems, the roots should be cut off and trenched to avoid the spread of stems to the road surface.
濟南假山製作
  同時植物種植時應盡量模仿其生長的自然狀態,叢植要清晰、密集,避免三行;要栽向彼此呼應,看眾生;選擇單株植物的顏色、香氣、外觀和四周的景色都要適當。
  At the same time, plants should imitate their natural state of growth as far as possible. Cluster planting should be clear, dense and avoid three lines. Planting should respond to each other and look at all living beings. Selecting the color, aroma, appearance and surrounding scenery of individual plants should be appropriate.
  以上都不能充分體現在圖紙上,需要施工人員在種植放樣時針對不同品種、不同規格、不同心態的人進行了解和把握。
  All of the above can not be fully reflected in the drawings. It is necessary for the construction personnel to understand and grasp different varieties, specifications and mentalities when planting and lofting.
  園林植物的特殊性在於植物是活的材料,不同於混凝土、鋼材、木材等建築材料,需要建築工人的精心照料。因此,植物種植後的養護管理是其生存的關鍵,也是園林工程成敗的關鍵。
  The particularity of garden plants is that they are living materials, different from concrete, steel, wood and other building materials, which need the careful care of construction workers. Therefore, the maintenance and management of plants after planting is the key to their survival, and also the key to the success or failure of landscape engineering.
  水、肥、病、蟲、剪是綠化和養護的基本因素,但對於新樹來說,水分平衡是保證生存重要的,所以秋葵视频官网下载應該抓住樹木種植後幾個重要時期的供水。
  Water, fertilizer, disease, insect and scissors are the basic factors for greening and conservation. But for new trees, water balance is the most important to ensure survival. So we should grasp the water supply in several important periods after planting trees.
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