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盆景假山的製作方法有哪些?

  如今,對家居的裝飾,假山是很多人的選擇,假山是人們喜愛的景觀的縮影。有的人會在室內設置盆景假山來裝飾房子,有的人會在家庭花園裏製作假山來裝飾。製作假山的方法有哪些?讓小編今天給大家科學補課。
  Nowadays, for home decoration, rockery is the choice of many people. Rockery is the epitome of people's favorite landscape. Some people will set bonsai rockeries indoors to decorate the house, others will make rockeries in the family garden to decorate. What are the ways to make rockery? Let Xiaobian give you a supplementary science lesson today.
  盆景假山製作方法:
  Production method of bonsai rockery:
  1、概念設計:假山製作之前,一定要有一個全麵的盆景,要做什麽樣的盆景,一定要確定盆景的形狀,否則你就無法開始,根據這個想法,初的形狀是沙盤。注:假山的高度?大小與淺盆地的大小成正比。
  1. Conceptual design: Before making rockery, we must have a comprehensive bonsai. What kind of bonsai to do, we must determine the shape of bonsai, otherwise you can not start. According to this idea, the initial shape is sand table. Note: The height and size of the rockery are directly proportional to the size of the shallow basin.
  2、粘山假山:粘山的步,先調整水泥膠,注意調整膠的使用,還要注意膠的稠度。第二步,石材加工,需要用錘子粘接工具嗎?鑿?鋸子和其他工具,以產生紋理和更奇特的形狀。第三步是把山連接起來。在岩石和石頭的兩麵都塗上水泥膠水,使岩石成為一體。注意粘結,盡量使岩石的接縫處看不到斷裂的痕跡。小心地把多餘的膠水從粘接劑上除去。
  2. Jiaoshan rockery: The first step of Jiaoshan is to adjust the cement glue, pay attention to the use of the glue, and pay attention to the consistency of the glue. The second step, stone processing, need to use hammer bonding tools? Chisel? Saws and other tools to produce textures and more exotic shapes. The third step is to connect the mountains. Cement glue is applied on both sides of the rock and stone to make the rock one. Attention should be paid to bonding so that no trace of fracture can be seen at the joints of rocks. Carefully remove excess glue from the adhesive.
  3、保養假山:假山製作完畢後,不能立即觸摸,要節約用水2 - 3天,假山會基本牢固。
  3. Maintenance of rockery: After making the rockery, you can't touch it immediately. You should save water for 2-3 days, and the rockery will be basically solid.
  水泥假山製作方法:
  Method of making cement rockery:
  1. 定位放樣:根據整體施工方案對場地進行分類,軟化通道,勘察場地,檢查場地高度及場地與周邊建築的關係,確定施工範圍。
  1. locations lofting: Classify the site according to the overall construction plan, soften the passage, survey the site, check the height of the site and the relationship between the site and the surrounding buildings, and determine the scope of construction.
  2. 底部:挖一條開敞的線,挖出混凝土層打好地基。
  2. Bottom: Dig an open line, dig out the concrete layer and lay a good foundation.
  3.埋地部分:當埋地部分位於埋地混凝土表麵時,根據埋地部分的大小和功能,有以下三種固定方法。
  3. Buried part: When the buried part is on the surface of buried concrete, there are three kinds of fixing methods according to the size and function of the buried part.
  (1)平麵內件尺寸小,內件可直接與主肋連接。但注射過程中應隨時觀察內部零件的位置,並及時解決問題。
  (1) Planar internals are small in size and can be directly connected with the main rib. However, the position of the internal parts should be observed at any time during the injection process, and the problems should be solved in time.
  (2)角鋼預埋件可直接與主肋連接,必須在預埋件的孔內鑽孔,防止預埋件下方積小。
  (2) Angle steel embedded parts can be directly connected with the main rib, and must be bored in the hole of the embedded parts to prevent small area under the embedded parts.
  (3)在製作大型預埋件時,除了用固定筋固定外,還必須將角鋼置於頂部,以防止預埋件在必要時在錨板上移位鑽孔。對於非常大的預埋件,板上應鑽孔振動孔,但孔的位置和大小不會影響錨板的正常使用。
  (3) In the manufacture of large-scale embedded parts, besides fixing with fixed tendons, angle steel must also be placed at the top to prevent the embedded parts from shifting and drilling holes on the anchor plate when necessary. For very large embedded parts, vibration holes should be drilled on the board, but the locations and size of holes will not affect the normal use of the anchor plate.
濟南假山製作
  4、骨架焊接生產:骨架結構與磚結構、鋼框架結構及其混合結構。磚結構簡單經濟,鋼框架突出了山體形態的巨大變化。瀑布、噴泉和藍綠色的山峰應該保持骨架防水。
  4. Skeleton welding production: skeleton structure and brick structure, steel frame structure and its hybrid structure. Brick structure is simple and economical, and steel frame highlights tremendous changes in mountain shape. Waterfalls, fountains and blue-green peaks should be kept skeleton waterproof.
  5、絲網焊接:由小鋼條焊接而成,固定,並由焊機對其上形成框架。這一步基本上確定了假山的默認形狀。
  5. Wire mesh welding: small steel bars are welded and fixed, and a frame is formed on them by a welding machine. This step basically determines the default shape of the rockery.
  6. 鋼絲網綁法:將鋼絲網綁在模壓鋼架上,然後用細線綁緊。
  6. Wire mesh binding method: tie the wire mesh to the moulded steel frame, and then tie it with thin wires.
  7. 石膏:泥地板的成型采用水泥、黃泥、河沙等材料,具有較強的塑性。重複,以得到形狀,紋理,身體和表麵基本上接近模型。
  7. Gypsum: The mud floor is made of cement, yellow mud, river sand and other materials, which has strong plasticity. Repeat to get shape, texture, body and surface basically close to the model.
  8. 造型:塑料表麵是在塑料表麵精心雕刻而成,刻有紋理、顏色、紋理和表麵特征。質地和顏色可根據設計要求對絨毛表麵進行處理工藝,如水彩白色調色劑或普通水泥砂漿,並適當配比粉末、粗軟塑料。條紋主要由岩石構成,相互補充,以顯示清晰、引人注目的圖像,並呈現一個良好的形狀,往往陡峭,直立的姿態。綜合岩紋能較好地表現出深涼的風格。天然岩石除了記錄紋理、縫隙、孔洞、腐朽、裂縫、瑕疵和位移細節外,還具有很好的表現,增強了自然岩石場景的真實感。
  8. Modeling: The plastic surface is carefully carved on the plastic surface, engraved with texture, color, texture and surface features. Texture and color can be treated according to the design requirements, such as watercolor white toner or ordinary cement mortar, and appropriate proportion of powder, rough and soft plastic. Stripes consist mainly of rocks and complement each other in order to display a clear and striking image and present a good shape, often steep and upright posture. The synthetical lithographic pattern can better show the deep and cool style. In addition to recording texture, cracks, holes, decay, cracks, defects and displacement details, natural rocks also have good performance, which enhances the reality of natural rock scenes.
  9、油漆表麵油脂:幹燥時,上色塑料鏡片,加水噴上色劑,堿性顏料粉和水泥水混合。當90%的塑料表麵幹燥時,一些略暗的相角間隙孔洞或凹部根部,以增強立體感,灑上一點像黑白或綠色的凹部尺寸,密度別處。
  9. Oil and grease on paint surface: when dry, color plastic lenses, spray colorant with water, mix alkaline pigment powder with cement water. When 90% of the plastic surface is dry, some slightly darker interstitial holes or concave roots are sprinkled with a small black-and-white or green concave size and density elsewhere.
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