China has a long history and is known as one of the four ancient civilizations. It is also the only ancient country that has never been civilised at fault. Therefore, China has preserved gardens of all sizes from ancient times to the present. No matter what will be damaged in the future, we need future generations to leave precious things for our ancestors. In the production process of repairing garden rockery, we must follow the principle of "repairing the old as the old".
The maintenance work of rockery in classical gardens has gone through three stages. In the 1950s of the 20th century, the first stage was funded by the state to collect experts, scholars and craftsmen from all over the country. The rockery in classical gardens was repaired on a large scale. The rocks collected by the folk were repaired and adjusted on the original basis to make the appearance stronger. At the same time, part of the landscape, rockery, did not add new fake rocks, so it's best to Keep the original function. The second stage started in the late 1970s, which is also an important stage of the restoration of classical gardens. In this stage, all the internal structures of rockery have been reinforced, and the outside of rockery has also been filled and reinforced. In particular, it plays a permanent role in the dredging of water system, the dredging of water pool and the reinforcement of revetment foundation. Through these two meticulous restoration, the rockery has been better protected and inherited. On the basis of repairing the old as the old, the local rockery can be treated and adjusted to better reflect the effect of landscape. Suzhou master net garden pool is located in the south of Chonggui mountain, close to the Huangshi Park Yungang. After repair, the rockery and water stand up, which can be called the best of Huangshi rockery. In the third stage, from the 1990s to now, according to the historical records of the world cultural heritage, we focus on the restoration of small gardens and rockeries. For example, the lotus garden decoration and the restoration of peony flower stage in the east corner of the garden. There are many ways to make rockery in classical gardens, and there are many precautions in the process of restoration:
The first point is that in the process of restoration, the locations of the original historical features, the layout of rockeries and the style and characteristics of the original stones cannot be changed.
The second point is to carry out the restoration step by step, and the shape and structure of the rockery cannot be changed.
The third point is the small-scale repair. The repair materials can use the original fake rocks and cannot be replaced with other fake rocks.
The fourth point is that if you need to add rockery in the process of restoration, you must choose rockery with similar texture and color to the original rockery.
Fifthly, when repairing large rockeries, the shape of the mountain should be highlighted, and the focus of the mountain is on the top of the mountain. Therefore, we must be very careful when repairing the rockeries, not to make too many adjustments, mainly to complete them.
The sixth point is that in the restoration of the whole garden rockery, it must not be able to grasp the same scene with stone, so as to lose the connection with the architectural landscape.
The seventh is that when repairing large rockery, the skeleton should be taken from top to bottom, from high to low, from inside to outside, first supported, then moved, and repaired layer by layer. In short, scientific and rigorous restoration must be carried out on the basis of maintaining the original appearance.
Rockery making process is a process worthy of long-term study. Only by protecting the traditional characteristics, can we make excellent products on this basis, and play a greater role in improving people's living environment and beautifying the city.