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假山製作的修複以及石料的選擇!

  中國曆史悠久,被譽為四大文明古國之一。它也是一個在文明上從未有過錯的古老國家。因此,中國保留了從古至今各種規模的園林。不管以後會有什麽損壞,那麽秋葵视频官网二维码下载需要後人給祖先們留下寶貴的東西,在修複園林假山的生產過程中,一定要遵循“修舊如舊”的原則。
  China has a long history and is known as one of the four ancient civilizations. It is also the only ancient country that has never been civilised at fault. Therefore, China has preserved gardens of all sizes from ancient times to the present. No matter what will be damaged in the future, we need future generations to leave precious things for our ancestors. In the production process of repairing garden rockery, we must follow the principle of "repairing the old as the old".
  古典園林假山的維修工作經曆了三個階段,階段開始的20世紀的50年代,由國家資助,收集來自全國各地的專家和學者和工匠,古典園林的假山大規模修複,修複假從民間收集的岩石,原始的基礎上調整,使外觀更強,同時景觀的一部分,假山,沒有添加新的假岩石,所以更好保留原來的功能。第二階段開始於20世紀70年代後期,也是古典園林修複的重要階段,這一階段將假山的所有園林內部結構都做了加固,假山外部也進行了填充加固。特別是對水係的疏通、水池的疏浚和護岸基礎的加固起到了性的保護作用。通過這兩次細致的修複,假山得到了更好的保護和傳承。在修複舊如舊的基礎上對局部假山進行處理和調整,更能體現園林景觀的效果。蘇州大師網園池位於崇貴山南側,緊鄰黃石公園雲岡,經過修複,假山水立,堪稱黃石假山中的極品。第三階段,從20世紀90年代到現在,根據世界文化遺產的曆史記錄,修複小花園和假山。例如,西園的蓮藕園裝飾和牡丹花台的恢複在花園的東角。古典園林假山的製作手法有很多種,在修複過程中有很多注意事項:
  The maintenance work of rockery in classical gardens has gone through three stages. In the 1950s of the 20th century, the first stage was funded by the state to collect experts, scholars and craftsmen from all over the country. The rockery in classical gardens was repaired on a large scale. The rocks collected by the folk were repaired and adjusted on the original basis to make the appearance stronger. At the same time, part of the landscape, rockery, did not add new fake rocks, so it's best to Keep the original function. The second stage started in the late 1970s, which is also an important stage of the restoration of classical gardens. In this stage, all the internal structures of rockery have been reinforced, and the outside of rockery has also been filled and reinforced. In particular, it plays a permanent role in the dredging of water system, the dredging of water pool and the reinforcement of revetment foundation. Through these two meticulous restoration, the rockery has been better protected and inherited. On the basis of repairing the old as the old, the local rockery can be treated and adjusted to better reflect the effect of landscape. Suzhou master net garden pool is located in the south of Chonggui mountain, close to the Huangshi Park Yungang. After repair, the rockery and water stand up, which can be called the best of Huangshi rockery. In the third stage, from the 1990s to now, according to the historical records of the world cultural heritage, we focus on the restoration of small gardens and rockeries. For example, the lotus garden decoration and the restoration of peony flower stage in the east corner of the garden. There are many ways to make rockery in classical gardens, and there are many precautions in the process of restoration:
濟南假山製作
  點是在修複的過程中,原曆史麵貌的位置、假山的布局以及原石的風格和特點是不能改變的。
  The first point is that in the process of restoration, the locations of the original historical features, the layout of rockeries and the style and characteristics of the original stones cannot be changed.
  第二點是在修複過程中要分步進行,假山的造型和結構不能改變。
  The second point is to carry out the restoration step by step, and the shape and structure of the rockery cannot be changed.
  第三點是小範圍的修複,修複材料可以使用原假山石,不能與其他假山石更換。
  The third point is the small-scale repair. The repair materials can use the original fake rocks and cannot be replaced with other fake rocks.
  第四點是在修複過程中如果需要添加假山石,一定要選擇與假山原紋理和顏色相近的假山石。
  The fourth point is that if you need to add rockery in the process of restoration, you must choose rockery with similar texture and color to the original rockery.
  第五,在修複較大的假山時,要突出山的形態,山的焦點在山頂,所以在修複時一定要非常小心,不能做太多的調整,主要要補全為主。
  Fifthly, when repairing large rockeries, the shape of the mountain should be highlighted, and the focus of the mountain is on the top of the mountain. Therefore, we must be very careful when repairing the rockeries, not to make too many adjustments, mainly to complete them.
  第六點是在整個園林假山的修複中,一定不能抓住與石頭同景,從而失去與建築景觀的聯係。
  The sixth point is that in the restoration of the whole garden rockery, it must not be able to grasp the same scene with stone, so as to lose the connection with the architectural landscape.
  第七是在修複大型假山時,應取骨架不落地,由上而下,先高後低,由內而外,先支撐,後移動,逐層成組修複。總之,科學嚴謹的修複必須在保持原貌的基礎上進行。
  The seventh is that when repairing large rockery, the skeleton should be taken from top to bottom, from high to low, from inside to outside, first supported, then moved, and repaired layer by layer. In short, scientific and rigorous restoration must be carried out on the basis of maintaining the original appearance.
  假山製作工藝是一個值得長期研究的過程,隻有首先保護傳統的特色,才能在此基礎上做出精品,並對改善人們的生活環境和美化城市起到更大的作用。
  Rockery making process is a process worthy of long-term study. Only by protecting the traditional characteristics, can we make excellent products on this basis, and play a greater role in improving people's living environment and beautifying the city.
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