在眾多的園林景觀假山工程之中，要數更吸引人目光的，當假山莫屬。景觀園林假山工程可以說是一個很熟悉的地方，可以讓秋葵视频官网入口下载享受到不同的景致，就像是一幅山水畫一樣。無論其景觀效果如何，它們都有著自身的許多優點。假山對於園林中的空間規劃，或是對於綠化效果都是很好的，才使得假山成為了更受歡迎的一種景觀裝飾，室內（外）都能欣賞到它們靚麗的身影。 Among the numerous landscape rockery projects, rockery is the most attractive one. Landscape rockery project can be said to be a very familiar place, which can let us enjoy different scenery, just like a landscape painting. Regardless of their landscape effect, they have many advantages. Rockery is very good for the space planning in the garden, or for the greening effect, which makes rockery become a more popular landscape decoration, indoor (outdoor) can enjoy their beautiful figure. 假山施工需要注意的問題： Problems to be noticed in rockery construction: 一、假山設計 1、 Rockery design 深化設計方案、製作假山模型或是假山效果圖。依據客戶要求及施工現場進行深化設計，繪製圖紙，再依據圖紙製作精細模型，根據模型運用數字掃描技術，製作施工圖（結構圖、各立麵圖、剖麵圖、平麵圖），確保施工過程尺寸比例準確、結構合理、安全可靠。 Deepen design scheme, make rockery model or rockery effect drawing. According to the customer's requirements and the construction site, the detailed design shall be carried out, the drawings shall be drawn, and then the fine model shall be made according to the drawings. According to the model, the digital scanning technology shall be used to make the construction drawings (structural drawings, elevation drawings, section drawings and plan drawings), so as to ensure that the size and proportion of the construction process are accurate, the structure is reasonable, safe and reliable.
二、假山內部鋼筋結構安全處理 2、 Safety treatment of reinforcement structure in rockery 角鋼與鋼筋焊接製成的骨架是塑石假山的內部主體結構，同時也是支撐著整個的塑石假山的脊梁，所以牢固的鋼結構是塑石假山使用年限壽命的根本。塑石假山的內部結構主要由接觸麵基礎，鋼結構，鋼絲網三方麵組成，任何一方麵出了問題，都將影響塑石假山的整體結構的安全問題。在塑石假山內部結構的製作方麵，秋葵视频官网app要注意以下幾點： The frame welded by angle steel and steel bar is the main structure of plastic rock rockery, and also the backbone supporting the whole plastic rock rockery. Therefore, the solid steel structure is the fundamental of the service life of plastic rock rockery. The internal structure of plastic rock rockery is mainly composed of contact surface foundation, steel structure and steel wire mesh. If any problem occurs, it will affect the safety of the whole structure of plastic rock rockery. We should pay attention to the following points in the production of the internal structure of plastic rock rockery: 1、角鋼和鋼絲網采用鍍鋅為佳，並保證鋼絲網完全覆蓋在水泥裏麵，水泥塑石假山表麵不能暴露出鋼網。 1. Galvanized steel is preferred for angle steel and steel wire mesh, and the steel wire mesh shall be completely covered in the cement, and the surface of cement plastic stone rockery shall not be exposed. 2、做到水泥塑石假山接觸麵承受壓力在20000P以上，受力點均勻（鋼結構與受力點接觸均勻）。 2. Make sure that the contact surface of the cement plastic rock rockery bears a pressure of more than 20000 P and the stress points are even (the contact between the steel structure and the stress points is even). 3、鋼結構全都需要防鏽處理，鋼結構采用剪刀叉焊接，所有焊接點必須刷塗防鏽漆。 3. All steel structures need antirust treatment. Steel structures are welded with scissor fork. All welding points must be painted with antirust paint. 三、塑石假山山體表麵肌理處理 3、 Surface texture treatment of plastic rock rockery 1、水泥塑石假山像不像山，靠前點肯定是說山的形體，這需要項目經理或設計師或者美工等施工依據圖紙的想像能力和假山施工經驗積累。 1. The cement plastic rock rockery is not like a mountain. The front point must be the shape of the mountain. This requires the project manager or designer or the construction leader, such as the artist, to accumulate experience in rockery construction according to the imagination ability of the drawings.
2、近看塑石假山就要看假山的肌理了。施工過程中的雕、刻、擦、收等手法的綜合運用很重要。水泥塑石假山的陽角要特別處理，陽角部位是參觀者的著眼點，大型假山陽角的肌理要拉長，多采用刻的手法，使得整體凹凸感和層次感更強。 2. The texture of the rockery should be taken into consideration when you look at the rockery. The comprehensive application of carving, carving, erasing and collecting techniques in the construction process is very important. The external corner of the cement plastic stone rockery should be specially treated. The external corner is the eye spot of the visitors. The texture of the external corner of the large rockery should be elongated, and the carving method is often used to make the overall concave convex sense and the level sense stronger. 四、塑石假山著色和植物搭配 4、 Colouring and plant collocations of plastic stone rockery 1、假山的著色較主要的要求是持久和與周圍環境相融合，考慮到水泥塑石假山大部分是暴露在陽光下的，因此假山耐侯性的要求是重重之重，推薦采用水性樹脂高分子色漿或丙烯酸顏料加水性樹脂乳液上色，能保持10年以上。 1, the main requirement of the coloring of the rockery is durable and integrated with the surrounding environment. Taking into account that most of the cement stone rockery is exposed to the sun, the requirement of the rockery's weathering resistance is heavy. It is recommended that the waterborne resin polymer pigment or acrylic pigment and waterborne resin emulsion can be used for color retention for more than 10 years. 2、水泥塑石假山應與周圍自然環境相銜接，這裏秋葵视频官网app主要依靠栽種植物來修飾搭配了。各地可根據施工地的氣候條件選擇植物，在假山施工中提前預留植物槽，坑體深度要達到50CM以上。 2. The cement plastic rock rockery should be connected with the surrounding natural environment. Here we mainly rely on planting plants to decorate and match. Plants can be selected according to the climatic conditions of the construction site. Plant trough shall be reserved in advance during the rockery construction, and the pit depth shall be more than 50cm. 如今全國製作塑石假山的施工團隊數不勝數，人工塑造石頭的方法、石頭表麵紋理效果的處理手法各不相同，以及追求的表達方式不同造成塑石的效果千差萬別，但是不管怎麽變，製作出來的假山效果都需要達到幾個要求： Nowadays, there are countless construction teams making rockery in China. The methods of artificial stone molding, the treatment methods of stone surface texture effect are different, and the different expression methods are pursued, which result in the different effect of stone molding. However, no matter how, the rockery effect produced needs to meet several requirements: 注意事項： matters needing attention: 1、塑石假山主體型體美觀與否，主題鮮明、簡潔、突出意境為上； 1. Whether the main body of the rockery is beautiful or not, the theme is clear, concise and artistic conception is prominent; 2、塑石假山局部細節的處理是否恰當、符合當地地質，地理環境、符合自然造物邏輯與否，這是逼真程度上的追求； 2. Whether the treatment of the local details of the plastic rock rockery is appropriate, in line with the local geology, geographical environment, in line with the logic of natural creation or not, is the pursuit of fidelity degree; 3、顏色處理是否接近當地自然環境，人文風情，自然逼真程度能夠達到多少。 3. Whether the color treatment is close to the local natural environment, human customs and natural fidelity.