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假山製作中浮雕的壓縮表現方法!

 浮雕,是在平麵上雕刻出凹凸起伏形象的一種雕塑,是介於圓雕和繪畫之間的藝術表現形式。浮雕的空間構造可以是三維的立體形態,也可以兼備某種平麵形態;既可以依附於某種載體,又可相對獨立地存在。
  Relief is a kind of sculpture that carves the concave and convex image on the plane. It is an artistic expression form between circular sculpture and painting. The spatial structure of relief can be a three-dimensional form or a plane form; it can not only be attached to a carrier, but also exist relatively independently.
  浮雕壓縮即對一個固體空間假設有三條軸;X軸、Y軸和Z軸,其中X軸為垂直軸,Y軸是水平軸,Z軸是縱深軸。在做浮雕時,保持X軸與Y軸不變,而壓縮Z軸並將以上的全部壓縮在一個平麵上就可以了。如何在保持X、Y、軸不變的情況下,先仔細把稿起好,再在離你更遠的一點塗上一層積土,再在更近的點上塗上三層分的積土,如果你是做的近乎於圓雕浮雕也是如此,隻是不要忘了隨時縮小Z軸的比例。
  Relief compression assumes that there are three axes for a solid space: X axis, Y axis and Z axis, where x axis is vertical axis, Y axis is horizontal axis and Z axis is depth axis. When doing relief, keep the x-axis and y-axis unchanged, and compress the Z-axis and all the above in a plane. How to keep the X, y, and axis unchanged, first carefully start the draft, then apply a layer of accumulated soil at the farthest point from you, and then apply three layers of accumulated soil at the nearest point, if you are doing something close to the circular relief, just don't forget to reduce the proportion of Z axis at any time.
  利用錯覺
  Using illusion
  這種方法往往是用在多層次,複雜一些的構圖中,往往是高、中、低浮雕的表現方式同時並用。更常見的是前景人物采用塗浮雕法,隨著物景的推移,越來越平,直至背景隻需稍稍刻畫上去就可以了.在這裏表現方式的界定標誌是需要明確的。A、高浮雕即可能來對象背後麵的感受。B、中浮雕要壓縮至Z軸的二分之一。C、淺浮雕一般可能就要壓縮至十分之一了。利用厚度的差異,就是利用人視覺上的錯覺必要時可以把後麵的物體推到前麵來,甚至處於一個平麵上。
濟南假山製作
  This method is often used in multi-level, complex composition, often high, medium, low relief performance at the same time. The most common is that the foreground figures adopt the method of painting relief. With the development of the scenery, it becomes more and more flat until the background is only slightly portrayed. Here, the defining signs of the way of expression need to be clear. A. high relief is the feeling behind the back of the object. B. the medium relief should be compressed to one half of the Z axis. C. the shallow relief may be compressed to one tenth. Using the difference of thickness is to use the illusion of human vision, when necessary, to push the objects behind to the front, or even in a plane.
  外輪廓起位
  Outer contour lifting
  指的是外輪廓與背景交界處前後輪廓和背景垂直高度的部位叫做起位,在觀察學習別人的浮雕作品時,要特別留意,留意這些連接處是如何處理浮雕的一側去觀察藝術家對微小的變化之處是如何處理的,是如何使遠處的那隻眼睛剛為從眉筆下麵露出來的。這個起位技術是浮雕中非常重要的,它可以把主體與背景拉開距離,使浮雕有了立體感,並表現出多層次。
  It refers to the place where the front and back contours of the boundary between the outer contour and the background and the vertical height of the background are called the starting position. When observing and learning other people's relief works, we should pay special attention to how these connections deal with one side of the relief to observe how the artist deals with the tiny changes and how the distant eye just emerges from the eyebrow pen. This lifting technology is very important in relief. It can open the distance between the main body and the background, make relief have a three-dimensional sense and show multi-level.
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