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假山在施工前經曆場地勘察和設計階段的要求是什麽?

假山在施工前要經曆場地勘察和設計階段。
The rockery must go through the stage of site investigation and design before construction.
場地的勘察主要是對承載地的考察,需大致掌握土層結構、泥土流失等情況。
The investigation of the site is mainly about the bearing area, which needs to master the soil structure and soil loss.
假山的設計包括:假山地基設計、假山石料設計選擇、假山造型設計,三者緊密相連。假山設計中首要考慮的是假山石料的選擇和整體造型,進而考慮假山的地基。
Rockery design includes: rockery foundation design, rockery stone design selection, rockery shape design, the three are closely linked. In the design of rockery, the first consideration is the selection of rockery stones and the overall shape, and then the rockery foundation is considered.
首先是選料,假山的石料很多,有太湖石、千層石、黃石、龜紋石等,不同的石料堆砌而成的假山代表不同的風格。
The first is the selection of materials. There are a lot of rockery stones, such as Taihu stone, thousand layer stone, Yellowstone, turtle shaped stone, etc. the rockery made of different stones represents different styles.
太湖石假山講究雅致、清新,多使用於小品或置石,配合跌水或瀑布。黃石假山能體現山的氣勢和磅礴,一般適用於旱山(無水景)。石料的選擇需要設計師對環境的綜合考慮。
Taihu stone rockery is elegant and fresh. It is often used in small pieces or stones to match with falls or waterfalls. Huangshi rockery can reflect the momentum and grandeur of the mountain, which is generally suitable for dry mountain (without water scenery). The selection of stone materials needs the designer's comprehensive consideration of the environment.
假山的造型設計方麵,講究主景和配景的區分,及與水係的搭配,還要考慮周圍建築物和植物的高矮。
In the aspect of modeling design, we should pay attention to the distinction between the main scenery and the matching scenery, and the matching with the water system, and also consider the height of the surrounding buildings and plants.
假山與假樹相結合造景多見於大型遊樂設施主題生態園或者生態園的樹大門接待處,利用假山與假樹相結合的效果體現出場景的需求。
The combination of rockery and artificial trees is often seen in large amusement facilities theme ecological park or tree gate reception area of ecological park. The combination effect of rockery and artificial tree reflects the needs of the scene.
現如今的客戶需求越來越多,假山不僅僅是用來欣賞了,更多人需要通過假山來體現一種意境的升華,體現出休閑情調,同時單一的假山有些人會覺得單調,這時需要添加假樹,淡化了假山的剛硬,越加的融入自然,體現出強烈的設計感。
Nowadays, there are more and more customers' demands. Rockery is not only for appreciation, but also for the sublimation of artistic conception and leisure sentiment. At the same time, some people will feel monotonous for a single rockery. At this time, we need to add fake trees to weaken the rigidity of the rockery, and integrate into nature more and more, reflecting a strong sense of design.
水泥假山指的是由內部鋼架結構製作,外形用水泥等材料精心雕製而成的假山。原石假山是由真石堆砌而成的假山,整體由石料堆砌。水泥假山是運用簡易市場簡易材料,按疊石假山的工藝塑造出來的。水泥假山與原石假山有一下幾點優缺點對比:
Cement rockery refers to the rockery made by internal steel frame structure, and its shape is carved with cement and other materials. The original stone rockery is a rockery made of real stones, and the whole rockery is made of stone. The cement rockery is made of simple materials in the market according to the technology of piling stone rockery. There are several advantages and disadvantages of cement rockery and original stone rockery
1、 整體造價對比       水泥假山製作需要的材料大多可以在市場上采購到,成本不高,總製作成本相對於原石假山較低,水泥假山的成本之出是工人成本,聘用雕刻師或者美工師,濟南假山製作,而原石假山的製作成本裏包括:原石材料的費用,運輸費用,吊裝費用,工人安裝費用,隨著原石生產數量減少,石材的費用正逐年,原石是在異地開采,園林假山製作,後安裝 於施工地點,其運輸費用也要增加,由於這些原因都造成了現在原石假山的整體造價比水泥假山的造價相對較高。
1. Overall cost comparison Most of the materials needed for the production of cement rockery can be purchased in the market, and the cost is not high. The total production cost is lower than that of the original stone rockery. The cost of the cement rockery is the cost of workers. We employ sculptors or artists to make the rockery in Jinan. The production cost of the original stone rockery includes: the cost of raw stone materials, transportation costs, hoisting costs, workers' installation costs, and so on The production quantity of raw stone is reduced, and the cost of stone is increasing year by year. The raw stone is mined in different places, made of garden rockery, and then installed in the construction site. The transportation cost will also increase. Due to these reasons, the overall cost of raw stone rockery is relatively higher than that of cement rockery.
2、使用範圍水泥假山的使用範圍廣泛,如大型主題樂園、屋頂花園、酒店、飯店等,尤其是屋頂花園對假山的重量就嚴格的要求,這是原石所不能施工的。再來介紹大型主題樂園,水泥假山可以和很多的娛樂設施搭配,可整體體現出整個設施的意境,滿足造型的多變化。
2. Scope of use cement rockery is widely used, such as large theme park, roof garden, hotel, hotel, etc., especially the roof garden has strict requirements on the weight of rockery, which can not be constructed by raw stone. Then introduce the large theme park. The cement rockery can be matched with a lot of entertainment facilities, which can reflect the artistic conception of the whole facility as a whole, and meet the multiple changes of modeling.
3、造型搭配水泥假山可仿造很多真實的山體,可以搭配樹,溶洞,雕塑等,水泥假山的紋理可以仿造多種紋理,如風化岩、千層岩等多種紋理,而原石假山的造型在選料時就決定了山體的紋理,無法改變,造型紋理比較單一。
3. The shape matching with cement rockery can imitate many real mountains, such as trees, caves, sculptures, etc. the texture of cement rockery can imitate many kinds of textures, such as weathered rock, thousand layer rock and so on. The shape of original stone rockery determines the texture of the mountain when selecting materials, which can not be changed, and the modeling texture is relatively simple.
4、使用年限      原石假山在使用年限方麵大大的高於水泥假山,原石假山的使用材料為真石頭,真石一般都經久耐用,無自然因素的破話使用年限可達上百年。水泥假山的使用材料為水泥鋼筋等,而鋼材有一定的腐蝕年限,水泥也有使用年限,國內現有的水泥假山的使用壽命多為50年左右
4. The service life of the original stone rockery is much higher than that of the cement rockery. The material of the original stone rockery is real stone. The real stone is generally durable, and the service life can reach hundreds of years without natural factors. The material of cement rockery is cement and steel bar, and the steel has a certain corrosion life, and the cement has a service life. The service life of the existing cement rockery in China is mostly about 50 years
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