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庭院假山設計的四個誤區

園林假山流水瀑布的形態,瀑布的一個特性,是正所謂無山不成園,山無水不成景。因而,在園林假山的流水瀑布姿態非常主要,庭院假山中解決好假山與水的關聯是十分關鍵的。
One of the characteristics of the waterfall is that there is no garden without mountains and no scenery without water. Therefore, the water waterfall posture is very important in garden rockery, and it is very important to solve the relationship between rockery and water in garden rockery.
水做為我國園林假山流水瀑布的血夜,是其造型設計的基本要素。在空間布局上,水垂直居中,山吃邊。非常是,人們必須回應水的發源和發展趨勢,那假山流水瀑布的形態如何調節的:
Water, as the blood night of Chinese garden rockery and waterfall, is the basic element of its modeling design. In the spatial layout, the water is vertical in the middle, and the mountain is eating the edge. What's more, people must respond to the origin and development trend of water, and how to adjust the shape of rockeries and waterfalls:
(一)淹
(1) Submergence
以便修建各種各樣形狀的公路邊坡和岩石,這種公路邊坡和岩石也會被水水淹,先要做的是擺脫蓄水池中的漏水,使其可以儲水。比如,山前池護坡的操作流程為:1、基本和蓄水池底端必須澆築。2、池旁護坡先砌至河麵高寬比,再刷混合砂漿,池中堆積石頭,產生池旁牆體。
In order to build various shapes of highway slopes and rocks, such highway slopes and rocks will also be flooded, the first thing to do is to get rid of the leakage in the reservoir, so that it can store water. For example, the operation process of Piedmont pool slope protection is as follows: 1. The foundation and the bottom of reservoir must be poured. 2. The slope protection beside the pool is first built to the height width ratio of the river surface, and then the mixed mortar is applied. Stones are accumulated in the pool to form the pool side wall.
(二)流
(2) Flow
園林假山流水瀑布水從高空流進低處。它的發展潛力能夠大還可以小,能夠慢還可以急。大的地區和急的地區是瀑布,小的地區和柔和的地區是溪水。
Garden rockery water waterfall water from the high into the low. Its development potential can be large or small, slow or urgent. Large areas and rapid areas are waterfalls, small areas and gentle areas are streams.
(三)燥
(3) Dryness
即旱災園林景觀的藝術手法。北京頤和園東海龍寺旁的石頭,園林假山流水瀑布其特性是由石頭組成,宛如置身於水裏。沒有水比水更強。這類方式常見於日本國的院落。
That is, the art of drought landscape. The stone beside Donghai Longwang temple in the summer palace in Beijing is a rockery and a waterfall. It is composed of stones, just like being in the water. No water is stronger than water. This kind of method is common in Japanese courtyards.
(四)滴
(4) Drop
石頭的豎直圖樣能夠製成倒鍾奶圖樣,把水順著石塊圖樣與蓄水池相接。
The vertical pattern of the stone can be made into an inverted bell milk pattern, and the water is connected with the reservoir along the stone pattern.
(五)園林假山流水瀑布潮濕把水不斷潮濕岩石表層的岩石,使庭院假山岩石被水潮濕後更為新鮮。
(5) Garden rockery and waterfalls keep moistening the rocks on the surface of rocks, making the rocks of garden rockeries more fresh after being moistened by water.
通過調節假山流水瀑布從外型,石頭被水吞掉,使山從水裏長出去。岩石的形狀千姿百態,運用水質的“泛洪”勢,能夠顯示信息出水裏岩石黑影的模糊不清美。因而,有句俗話說“求山之高,先到水之深”。
By adjusting the rockery water waterfall from the shape, the stone is swallowed by the water, so that the mountain grows out of the water. The shapes of rocks are various, and the "flooding" potential of water quality can show the fuzzy beauty of the black shadow of rocks in the water. As a result, there is a saying that "to seek the height of mountains, first to the depth of water.".
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