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假山設計造景中這些內容是不能忽視的?

一、選料:大型山石的製作,無論是硬質石料與軟質石料、不論是吸水與不吸水,都要求做到石料統一,規格統一(塊狀或條狀)。
First, material selection: large stone production, whether it is hard stone and soft stone, regardless of water absorption and non absorbent, require the unity of stone, specifications unified (block or strip).
二、築池:疊山理水,築池是理水的一種手段。水是山的血脈,有水則靈。水池的式樣有多種。常見的是圓形,通常直徑在5至10米,深度在80至120厘米;水深減除20厘米口沿,保持60厘米至100厘米;池底留有管道放水。
Two, build pool: rockery water, build pond is a means of water. Water is the lifeblood of the mountain, the water spirits. There are many different styles in the pond. Common round, usually 5 to 10 meters in diameter, depth of 80 to 120 cm; water depth of 20 cm away from the mouth, to maintain 60 centimeters to 100 centimeters; the bottom of the pool to drain water.
三、疊山:假山不論是多體的(組合式),或單體的(孤峰式);它都是由主體(主峰)客體(客峰)襯體(矮山)三部分構成的。
Three, Hill: rockery whether many body (combined), or monomer (isolated type); it is composed of a main object (peak) (off peak) lining body (short mountain) three parts.
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四、裝飾:山體中的花草、流水、踏步等都屬於裝飾範疇。
Four, decoration: the mountains of flowers, flowing water, stepping and so on belong to the decorative category.
假山製作一般采納國畫中的高遠法和深遠法。高遠法:主體應排在前麵左側或右側,若主體在左,客體即在右,形成開合式、一大一小、一高一矮、互相呼應。主峰挺拔險峻、後麵山坡緩緩延伸,與後座襯體(遠山)形斷意連。主峰聳立麵前,形成開門見山欲先藏的手法,使人感到境界越大,對中部的山水景色產生“可見而又看不清”的誘惑力,使遊人必須再移步往前看個究竟。
Rockery generally adopts the lofty law and far-reaching method in traditional Chinese painting. Lofty Law: the main body should be placed in front of the left or right, if the main body in the left, the object is in the right, the formation of open and close, one big, one small, one high, one short, echoing each other. The main peak is high and precipitous, and the back slope extends slowly, and it is connected with the back seat liner (Yuan Shan). The main peak stands in front of the formation to hide way straight to the point, make people feel more "realm, visible and invisible" allure to the central landscape, so that visitors have to move forward and see.
深遠法:主體的高度比例和高遠法相同,其位置應排在中部左側或右側,客體擺在前麵右側或左側。主客體一個錯前,一個錯後,遙相呼應,襯體在後。單體景物的多層結構,構成近(客體)中(主體)遠(襯體)景的各體層次,從而加強了正麵的透視感,增加了景觀的深度。山體總麵積一般不超過水麵的一半或少於一半。
Far reaching law: the height proportion of the subject is the same as that of the lofty law, and the position should be placed on the left or right of the middle, and the object is placed on the right or left of the front. The object of a mistake, a mistake, echoed in the lining of the body after. The multi layer structure of a single object forms the body level of the near (object) (the main) far (lining) scene, thus enhancing the positive perspective and increasing the depth of the landscape. The total area of the mountain is generally no more than half or less than the surface of the water.
這樣,留下足夠的空白,給欣賞者留下聯想與想象的空間,達到“此處無景勝有景”“虛中見實”的效果。“山借樹為衣,樹以山為骨”,隻有合理配置植物,山水才能有骨有肉,有形有神。通常選用姿態優美,葉小常綠,生長不旺,壽命很長,適應性強的植物。懸崖式假山應植些垂掛類植物。
So, leave enough space, give people left Association and imagination, achieve "scenery here without a king" in virtual "see" effect. "Mountains borrow trees for clothes, trees take mountains as bones", only reasonable allocations of plants, mountains and rivers in order to have bones and meat, visible god. Usually the graceful, Xiaochang leaves green, growing, long life, strong adaptability of plants. Cliff like rockery should be planted with some hanging plants.
本文由濟南假山製作整理發布,您是不是對這些內容有所了解了呢?更多的內容請點擊:http://www.lounge-f.com秋葵视频官网app會有更多精彩內容等你查看
This article from Ji'nan rockery production, finishing, release, you are not to understand these contents? More content please click: http://www.lounge-f.com, we will have more wonderful content, you check
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