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全麵剖析園林景觀假山假樹的施工工藝

如今園林景觀中的假山假樹,技術已經做到如火純清的地步了,很多假山假樹可以以假亂真,給綠化,欣賞帶來了更大的收益。達到這樣的效果更施工工藝是離不開的,下麵為大家簡單介紹一下園林假山假樹施工工藝。
Nowadays, the fake mountain fake trees in the garden landscape have been done as pure and pure, and many false mountain fake trees can be true, and bring more benefit to the greening and appreciation. To achieve this effect, more construction technology is inseparable, the following is a brief introduction to the garden rockery fake tree construction technology.
園林假山假樹施工工藝常分為施工準備、分層施工、假山洞與假山磴道施工、藝術處理、營造園林植物等工序。
Garden rockery fake tree construction technology is often divided into construction preparation, layering construction, rockery cave and rockery road construction, art processing, construction of garden plants and other processes.
1、施工準備施工前應由設計單位提供完整的假山疊石工程施工圖及必要的文字說明,並進行設計交底和 書麵簽字。施工單位應勘察現場、理解設計意圖以後,根 據設計要求準備石料、灰料和有關機具。施工前需先對 現場石料反複觀察,區別不同質色、形紋和體量,分類放置,並按有關規定檢查起重機具的安全性。
1. Before the construction is ready for construction, the design unit should provide the complete construction drawings of the rockery stack and the necessary text instructions by the design unit, and carry out the design and the written signature. The construction unit shall, after surveying the site and understanding the design intent, prepare stones, grey materials and related machinery and equipment according to the design requirements. Before construction, it is necessary to observe the stone material repeatedly before the construction, to distinguish the different quality color, shape and body volume, and to classify the material in classification, and to check the safety of the lifting machine according to the relevant regulations.
2、分層施工假山分層施工是假山施工的關鍵,其 工藝流程如下放線挖槽—基礎施工—拉底—起腳—中 層施工—掃縫—收頂—收腳。首先,要根據設計圖紙的 位置和形狀在地麵上放出假山的外形形狀,基礎施工比 假山的外形要寬,放線時應根據設計適當放寬。挖槽的 深度與範圍按照圖紙的要求來進行。基礎是保證假山穩 定和藝術造型的前提,必須根據地質報告進行設計和施工。
2, stratified construction of layered construction is the key of rockery construction, and its process flow is as follows: laying line and Dredging - foundation construction - bottom - bottom - starting - middle level construction - sweeping seam - collecting foot. First, the shape of the rockery should be released on the ground according to the position and shape of the design drawings. The basic construction is wider than the shape of the rockery, and the layout should be relaxed according to the design. The depth and scope of the trenching are carried out according to the requirements of the drawing. The foundation is the premise to ensure the stability of the rockery and the artistic form, and the design and construction must be carried out according to the geological report.
3、施工方式有3種:一種是以木粧或混凝土粧打入土 中作為基礎,粧頂麵的直徑約為10_15cm,粧邊至粧邊 的距離約為20cm,寬度根據假山底角的寬度而定。一種 是灰土基礎,有比較好的凝固條件,一旦凝固便不透水, 可以減少土壤凍脹帶來的破壞,灰土基礎的寬度應比假 山底麵的寬度寬約0.5m。另一種比較常用的是混凝土 基礎,其優點是耐壓強度大,施工進度快,做法是基槽夯 實後直接澆灌混凝土,混凝土一般為厚10cm C10砼墊 層,20cm厚C30基礎,水中約為30cm。對於大型假山, 可以采用鋼筋混凝土以確保基礎牢固。拉底是指基礎上 鋪置底層的自然山石,要求有足夠的耐壓強度。技術 要求是:結合考慮,統籌安排;錯落有致,連接不斷緊連 互咬,穩定結合。在墊底的石層上開始砌築假山叫起腳, 可以采用點腳法、連腳法和塊麵腳法3種做法。中層施 工體量大,也是集中觀賞的地方,是整個假山的主要 部分,是體現藝術手法的主要亮點。中層施工的要點概 括為適當分層,先內後外;脈絡相通,搭界合理;放穩粘 牢,輔助加固空透玲瓏,造型自然。掃縫一般水平方向 勾明縫,在需要時將豎縫勾成暗縫,勾明縫務必不要寬, 不宜超過2cm。收頂即處理假山頂層的山石,一般分 為峰、巒、平頂3種類型。收腳就是用山石築成山腳,是 在假山的上麵部分山形山勢大體施工完成後,於緊貼腳石外緣部分拚疊山腳,以彌補起腳造型的不足。
3, there are 3 types of Construction: one is based on wood makeup or concrete makeup, the diameter of the top surface is about 10_15cm, and the distance between the makeup edge and the makeup edge is about 20cm, and the width depends on the width of the bottom corner of the rockery. One kind is the foundation of lime soil, which has better solidification conditions. Once the solidification is not permeable, the damage of soil frost heave can be reduced. The width of lime soil foundation should be about 0.5m wider than the width of the bottom of the rockery. Another kind of concrete foundation is commonly used. Its advantages are high pressure strength and rapid construction progress. The practice is to pour concrete directly after ramming the base slot. The concrete is usually thick 10cm C10 concrete cushion, 20cm thick C30 foundation, and water about 30cm. For large rockery, reinforced concrete can be used to ensure the foundation is strong. Pull bottom means laying natural stones on the bottom, requiring adequate pressure strength. The technical requirements are: combined consideration, co-ordination arrangements, scattered and consistent, constantly linked to bite each other, stable combination. At the bottom of the stone layer, the masonry of the rockery is called foot raising, and 3 steps are adopted: the footwork method, the footwork method and the block surface method. The middle level construction is the largest and the most important part of the whole rockery. It is the main highlight of the artistic techniques. The main points of the middle level construction are summarized as follows: proper stratification, first and then outside; the same vein, reasonable boundary, stable and viscous, auxiliary reinforcement, exquisite and natural. The seam should be outlined in the horizontal direction. If necessary, the vertical seam should be drawn into a dark seam. The seam should not be wide enough to exceed 2cm. The top of the rockery is divided into 3 types: peak, ridge and flat top. The foot is built with mountain and stone to build the foot of the mountain. It is in the upper part of the Rocky Mountain. After the whole construction is completed, the foot is stacked on the outer edge of the foot to make up the deficiency of the shape of the foot.
濟南假山製作
4、假山洞與假山磴道施工 假山洞結構形式一般分 為“梁築式”、“挑梁式”、“圈拱式”應根據設計要求和需 要采用。磴道是水平空間與垂直空間聯係中不可缺少的 重要構成部分,多采用石塊疊置而成,磴道高度一般在 12~15cm,大不超過18cm。
4, the construction of rockery in the rockery and the rockery are generally divided into "beam building", "beam type" and "circle arch", which should be adopted according to the requirements and requirements of the design. It is an indispensable and important component of horizontal and vertical space, which is mostly made of stone. The height is generally in 12~15cm, and the maximum is not more than 18cm.
5、藝術處理 藝術處理的手法有著色、彩繪、打磨明 暗、貼金並通過技術處理使假山表麵呈現粗獷、細膩、 龜裂、自然縫隙等真山效果的手法。
5, art processing art processing techniques are coloring, painting, polishing and shading, gold stickers and through technical treatment to make the rockery rough, delicate, crack, natural gap and other true mountain effects.
6、營造園林植物 營造園林植物按照設計要求進行 植物配置,做到疏密有致,層次分明,好的植物搭配手法 起到畫龍點睛的效果。
6, building garden plants to build garden plants according to the design requirements of plant configuration, so as to achieve dense, clear level, good plant collocations techniques to play the finishing effect.
以上就是園林中假山假樹施工工藝,在秋葵视频官网下载生活中的假山假樹的逼真,跟秋葵视频官网二维码下载設計師,施工者是密切相關的,相信秋葵视频官网二维码下载假山假樹的工藝會更上一層樓。
The above is the artificial mountain fake tree construction technology in the garden, the lifelike of the false mountain false tree in our life is closely related to our designers and the builders, and we believe that the craft of our false mountain false trees will be more advanced.
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