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你知道園林工程都有哪些特點嗎?

園林工程實際上包含了一定的工程技術和藝術創造,是地形地物、石木花草、建築小品、道路鋪裝等造園要素在特定地域內的藝術體現。因此,園林工程與其他工程相比具有其鮮明的特點。
In fact, the garden project contains some engineering technology and artistic creation. It is the artistic embodiment of the terrain, stone and wood flowers, architectural sketches, road paving and other elements in a specific region. Therefore, compared with other projects, landscape engineering has its distinct characteristics.
1、園林工程的藝術性
1. The artistry of garden Engineering
園林工程是一種綜合景觀工程,它雖然需要強大的技術支持,但又不同於一般的技術工程,而是一門藝術工程,涉及建築藝術、雕塑藝術、造型藝術、語言藝術等多門藝術。
Garden engineering is a comprehensive landscape project. Although it needs strong technical support, it is different from the general technical engineering. It is an art project, which involves many kinds of art, such as architectural art, sculpture art, plastic art, language art and so on.
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2、園林工程的技術性
2. The technical nature of garden Engineering
園林工程是一門技術性很強的綜合性工程,它涉及土建施工技術、園路鋪裝技術、苗木種植技術、假山疊造技術及裝飾裝修、油漆彩繪等諸多技術。
Garden engineering is a highly technical and comprehensive project. It involves the technology of civil construction, garden road paving technology, seedling planting technology, rockery stacking technology, decoration and decoration, paint and color painting and so on.
3、園林工程的綜合性
3. The comprehensiveness of garden Engineering
園林作為一門綜合藝術,在進行園林產品的創作時,所要求的技術無疑是複雜的。隨著園林工程日趨大型化,協同作業、多方配合的特點日益突出;同時,隨著新材料、新技術、新工藝、新方法的廣泛應用,園林各要素的施工更注重技術的綜合性。
As a comprehensive art, the technology required by gardens is undoubtedly complicated. With the growing scale of garden engineering, the characteristics of cooperative work and multi-party cooperation are becoming more and more prominent. At the same time, with the wide application of new materials, new technologies, new technology and new methods, the construction of various elements of garden pays more attention to the comprehensive technology.
4、園林工程的時空性
4. The spatiotemporal nature of garden Engineering
園林實際上是一種五維藝術,除了其空間特性,還有時間性以及造園人的思想情感。園林工程在不同的地域,空間性的表現形式迥異。園林工程的時間性,則主要體現於植物景觀上,即常說的生物性。
Garden is actually a five dimensional art, apart from its spatial characteristics, there is time and the mind and emotion of gardening people. Landscape engineering in different regions, different forms of space. The timeliness of landscape engineering is mainly reflected in plant landscape, that is, the biological nature.
5、園林工程的安全性
5, the safety of garden Engineering
“安全,景觀第二”是園林創作的基本原則。對園林景觀建設中的景石假山、水景駁岸、供電防火、設備安裝、大樹移植、建築結構、索道滑道等均需格外注意。
"Safety first, landscape second" is the basic principle of landscape architecture. Special attention should be paid to the landscaping rockery, Waterscape, fire protection, equipment installation, tree transplantation, building structure and cableway slideway in the landscape construction.
6、園林工程的後續性
6. The follow-up of garden Engineering
園林工程的後續性主要表現在兩個方麵:一是園林工程各施工要素有著極強的工序性;二是園林作品不是一朝一夕就可以完全體現景觀設計終理念的,必須經過較長時間才能顯示其設計效果,因此項目施工結束並不等於作品已經完成。
The follow-up of garden project is mainly manifested in two aspects: first, the construction elements of garden engineering have very strong working procedure; two, garden works can completely reflect the ultimate idea of landscape design not one day and one day. It is necessary to show the design effect for a long time, so the end of the project is not equal to the work. Already completed.
7、園林工程的體驗性
7, the experience of garden Engineering
提出園林工程的體驗特點是時代要求,是欣賞主體———人的心理美感的要求,是現代園林工程以人為本直接的體現。人的體驗是一種特有的心理活動,實質上是將人融於園林作品之中,通過自身的體驗得到全麵的心理感受。園林工程正是給人們提供這種心理感受的場所,這種審美追求對園林工作者提出了很高的要求,即要求園林工程中的各個要素都做到完美無缺。
The experience characteristic of garden project is the requirement of the times, it is the requirement of the appreciation subject - the psychological beauty of people, and it is the most direct embodiment of the modern garden project. Human experience is a unique psychological activity. In essence, it is to integrate people into landscape works and get a comprehensive psychological experience through their own experience. The garden project is a place for people to provide this kind of psychological feeling. This aesthetic pursuit asks the gardening workers a high requirement, that is, all the elements in the garden project are perfect.
8、園林工程的生態性與可持續性
8. The ecology and sustainability of garden Engineering
園林工程與景觀生態環境密切相關。如果項目能按照生態環境學理論和要求進行設計和施工,保證建成後各種設計要素對環境不造成破壞,能反映一定的生態景觀,體現出可持續發展的理念,就是比較好的項目。
Garden engineering is closely related to landscape ecological environment. If the project can be designed and constructed according to the theory and requirements of ecological environment, it can ensure that various design elements do not cause damage to the environment after the completion of the project. It can reflect a certain ecological landscape and reflect the concept of sustainable development, which is a better project.
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