In scenic spots, parks, real estate areas and other places, especially in the film and television, we can see a lot of rockery, which can be seen in the garden landscape widely used. Nowadays, with the development of new technology and the improvement of the technology of cement sculpture, most of the rockery we see at ordinary times are made by artificial cement.
How can we make such a smart rockery? In landscape design, rockery production also needs to be reasonable layout, and the surrounding environment integration, in order to play its landscape characteristics. Now let's take a look at the common layout techniques of rockery in landscaping.
Artificial rockery overall layout should pay attention to the primary and secondary clear, dense and delicate, pay attention to open and close, virtual and real, hide and dew combination, to see big.
Primary and secondary
The style and texture of mountain stones should be consistent, and color, texture and veins should be changed naturally. The locations of the main peak of the rockery is not necessarily located in the middle of the rockery, but it must be located at the core of the rockery structure. The main peak position should not be in the middle of the mountain system, but should be on the side, so as to avoid the symmetry of the plane layout. The height and volume of the main peak should be higher than that of the second peaks, so as to give prominence to the main position of the main peak and make the primary and secondary distinctly clear.
In addition, the shape, size and height of the mountain must be changed, the peak of the mountain is uneven and uneven; the mountain waist line should be fluency, the left and right changes, the steep slope, the gentle slope, the shape of the mountain to form a kind of momentum; the foot should have the back, twists and turns, the lines should be free to highlight the softness of the water in the rockery.
The distribution of stone veins is not uniform and should be distributed naturally. The density of mountain stone chapped pattern, peak position, plant ornament and sketch arrangement are all caused. Usually the main peak area is the most densely located, and the trees are densely arranged, and the peaks are relatively sparse.
Three. Pay attention to opening and closing
In the artistic modeling of garden rockery, opening is the starting point and ending is ending. The peak is open, the foot of the slope is close, the mountain is open, and the distant mountain is a combination. The general rockery layout is from 3 to 4 opening and closing alternately, reflecting rhythm and rhythm.
Four. False and real life
In the art of rockery, the method of comparison between virtual and real is used to highlight the artistic realm of rockery. The so-called artistic realm refers to the real landscape of the rockery represented by the garden rockery (called the real realm), to highlight a certain far-reaching artistic conception (called the virtual realm). Mountains and stones are very particular about the form of collection and then abrupt, with the cave to take the "virtual" to its far-reaching, then suddenly take the "real" to its risk. The art of rockery develops from the imitation of the real natural mountain. "Although artificial, open from heaven" is the highest level of rockery art. Therefore, rockery art is the harmony between man-made and nature. It reflects the artistic conception of "truth has falsehood, and falsehood and confusion with truth".
Five. Combination of Tibetan and dew
Dew in hiding, hiding in dew, that is, the garden rockery to show a scene outside the scene, scenery in the moving picture of life, producing a far-reaching artistic conception. The most important thing of the hidden hills is the three-dimensional layout of the ridges, and the appearance of the mountains and hills. In addition, blank treatment also plays a very important role in garden rockery landscaping. The Ming and Qing Chinese painters have left a large number of blanks in the mountains and rivers to hide the great mountains and rivers. The pictures show a kind of empty and desert state, which can be described as "there is no sound here and there is sound." The blank treatment of garden rockery landscapes is different from that of other landscapes. Both of them use the combination of "Tibet and dew" in space processing. The space occupied by the blank in the rockery plays an important role in the layout effect.
The stone placed on the mountain creates a sense of being on the scene and benefits from the practice of learning from nature. In mountain gardening, mountains and stones are indispensable carriers for creating landscapes. People stand on the foothills and look up to the mountains, and their sight is obstructed. At this time, although the whole landscape was not seen, it still felt magnificent and imaginative. The layout of the rockery is to use this feature to place the rockery in a small space. It does not need to shape the same size as the true mountain in the shape of the mountain. This technique of expressing the whole landscape with the meaning of local landscape fully embodies the artistic characteristics of the layout of rockery.
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